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All WSO2 products are shipped with a default H2 database. WSO2 products use the underlying registry services in the WSO2 Carbon platform to establish their own registry space, which is utilized for storing data and persisting configurations. In addition to the registry space, all identity-related data and user permissions are also stored in this default database. 

The registry space provided to each product contains three major partitions.

  • The local data repository
  • The configuration registry
  • The governance registry

Each of these partitions can be separated in a clustered production environment. The following table provides more information on each partition and the type of data that would typically reside in them.

PartitionDescriptionType of data
Local data repositoryThis partition of the registry space is specific to the node that the product resides in. This is not intended to be shared among multiple servers.The local data repository contains system configuration as well as runtime data that is local to a single instance of a product. For example, the local data repository is used to store mount configurations that are local to each instance.
Configuration registryThese configurations can be shared across multiple instances of the same product (a cluster of ESB nodes for example). However, these cannot be shared in a cluster of multiple different products unless certain configurations are done.The configuration registry, which is the most widely used partition of the registry space, contains product specific configuration.
Governance registryThe governance registry partition has been designed in a way that it can be made use of by multiple instances of various Carbon based products.The governance registry contains data and configuration shared across the platform. The WSO2 Governance Registry makes use of this partition of the registry space to store services and related metadata such as WSDLs, schemas, policies and endpoints.

Databases in production environments

From most production environments, it is recommended to externalize the databases to a JDBC database of your choice and split the registry space to manage registry resources in a better way. The governance registry and configuration registry data can either be stored in a single database or in two databases (i.e., one for configuration and one for governance) depending on the amount of data used.

The following diagram depicts how the databases are configured in a typical WSO2 product cluster.

In the above diagram, the governance and configuration registry is shared for the whole WSO2 product cluster (assuming the cluster is comprised of the same WSO2 product; the configuration registry is not shared for different products). This means, each node in the cluster is configured to point to this database. These configurations involve changes to the <PRODUCT_HOME>/repository/conf/registry.xml file for each WSO2 product in the cluster.

The user management database is also shared among all nodes in the cluster, although the way it is shared differs slightly from the governance and configuration registry. The user management database is basically a user store and is configured using the <PRODUCT_HOME>/repository/conf/user-mgt.xml file for each WSO2 product in the cluster.

Furthermore, each WSO2 product has its own local data repository for runtime data.

Each of the WSO2 products in the cluster must have datasources defined for each of the databases that they point to. This is configured in the <PRODUCT_HOME>/repository/conf/datasources/master-datasources.xml file for each WSO2 product.

Mounting the registry

The governance and configuration registry has to be mounted in order to be shared by all products in the cluster. These mounting configurations are done so that any changes to data in these databases are communicated to all nodes in the product cluster. In the case of a node failing, another node can take up the tasks required and will be able to do so as the governance and configuration registry is up to date across all the WSO2 product instances.

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