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Saving Access Tokens in Separate Tables - API Manager 1.7.0 - WSO2 Documentation

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You can configure the API Manager instances to store access tokens in different tables according to their user store domain. This is referred to as user token partitioning and it ensures better security when there are multiple user stores configured in the system. For information on configuring user stores other than the default one, see Configuring Secondary User Stores.

To enable user token partitioning, you should change the <EnableAssertions> and <AccessTokenPartitioning> elements in <APIM_HOME>/repository/conf/identity.xml file.


Assertions are used to embed parameters into tokens in order to generate a strong access token. You can also use these parameters later for various other processing functionality. At the moment, API Manager only supports UserName as an assertion.

By default, assertions are set to false in <APIM_HOME>/repository/conf/identity.xml.


You can make it true by setting <UserName> element to true. You can add a user name to an access token when generating the key, and verify it by Base64-decoding the retrieved access token.


This parameter implies whether you need to store the keys in different tables or not. It can be used only if <UserName> assertion is enabled. If it is, set the <EnableAccessTokenPartitioning> element to true in <APIM_HOME>/repository/conf/identity.xml to store the keys in different tables.


Also set the user store domain names and mappings to new table names. For example,

  • if userId = where '' is the user store domain name, then a 'mapping:domain' combo can be defined as ''.
  • 'A' is the mapping for the table that stores tokens relevant to users coming from '' user store.

In this case, the actual table name is 'IDN_OAUTH2_ACCESS_TOKEN_A'. We use a mapping simply to prevent any issues caused by lengthy tables names when lengthy domain names are used. You need to manually create the tables you are going to use to store the access tokens in each user-store (i.e., tables 'IDN_OAUTH2_ACCESS_TOKEN_A' and 'IDN_OAUTH2_ACCESS_TOKEN_B' should be manually created according to the following defined domain mapping). This table structure is similar to the 'IDN_OAUTH2_ACCESS_TOKEN' table defined in api-manager dbscript, which is inside <AMIM_HOME>/dbscripts/apimgt directory. 

You can provide multiple mappings separated by commas as follows. Note that the domain names need to be specified in upper case.

<AccessTokenPartitioningDomains>A:FOO.COM, B:BAR.COM</AccessTokenPartitioningDomains>

According to the information given above, change the <APIKeyManager> element in the identity.xml file as shown in the following example:

<!-- Assertions can be used to embedd parameters into access token.-->

<!-- This should be set to true when using multiple user stores and keys should saved into different tables according to the user store. By default all the application keys are saved in to the same table. UserName Assertion should be 'true' to use this.-->
     <!-- user store domain names and mappings to new table names. eg: if you provide '', should be the user store domain   
     name and 'A' represent the relavant mapping of token storing table, i.e. tokens relevant to the users comming from user store     
     will be added to a table called IDN_OAUTH2_ACCESS_TOKEN_A. --> 
     <AccessTokenPartitioningDomains><!--, --></AccessTokenPartitioningDomains>


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