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Siddhi Function Extension consumes zero or more parameters for each event and output a single attribute as an output. This could be used to manipulate event attributes to generate new attribute like Function operator. 

To implement a custom function extension, create a class extending "org.wso2.siddhi.core.executor.function.FunctionExecutor" and create an appropriate .siddhiext extension mapping file, compile the class, and build the jar containing the .class and .siddhiext files. Add them to the Siddhi class path. In the case of running them on WSO2 CEP add the jar to the <CEP_HOME>/repository/components/lib directory.

For example, if you have created with namespace "math" and function name "sin" can be referred in the query as follows: 

from InValueStream
select math:sin(inValue) as sinValue 
insert into OutMediationStream;

Note

From CEP 3.0.0 onwards, FunctionExecutor is supposed to be used for writing both custom expressions and conditions.

Sample implementation of a custom function extension can be found below;

/*
 * Copyright (c) 2015, WSO2 Inc. (http://www.wso2.org) All Rights Reserved.
 *
 * WSO2 Inc. licenses this file to you under the Apache License,
 * Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not use this file except
 * in compliance with the License.
 * You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing,
 * software distributed under the License is distributed on an
 * "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY
 * KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the
 * specific language governing permissions and limitations
 * under the License.
 */

package org.wso2.siddhi.extension.math;

import org.wso2.siddhi.core.config.ExecutionPlanContext;
import org.wso2.siddhi.core.exception.ExecutionPlanRuntimeException;
import org.wso2.siddhi.core.executor.ExpressionExecutor;
import org.wso2.siddhi.core.executor.function.FunctionExecutor;
import org.wso2.siddhi.query.api.definition.Attribute;
import org.wso2.siddhi.query.api.exception.ExecutionPlanValidationException;

/*
* sin(a);
* Returns the sine of a (a is in radians).
* Accept Type(s) :DOUBLE/INT/FLOAT/LONG
* Return Type(s): DOUBLE
*/
public class SinFunctionExtension extends FunctionExecutor {

    /**
     * The initialization method for SinFunctionExtension, this method will be called before the other methods
     *
     * @param attributeExpressionExecutors the executors of each function parameter
     * @param executionPlanContext         the context of the execution plan
     */
    @Override
    protected void init(ExpressionExecutor[] attributeExpressionExecutors, ExecutionPlanContext executionPlanContext) {
        if (attributeExpressionExecutors.length != 1) {
            throw new ExecutionPlanValidationException("Invalid no of arguments passed to math:sin() function, " +
                    "required 1, but found " + attributeExpressionExecutors.length);
        }
        Attribute.Type attributeType = attributeExpressionExecutors[0].getReturnType();
        if (!((attributeType == Attribute.Type.DOUBLE)
                || (attributeType == Attribute.Type.INT)
                || (attributeType == Attribute.Type.FLOAT)
                || (attributeType == Attribute.Type.LONG))) {
            throw new ExecutionPlanValidationException("Invalid parameter type found for the argument of math:sin() function, " +
                    "required " + Attribute.Type.INT + " or " + Attribute.Type.LONG +
                    " or " + Attribute.Type.FLOAT + " or " + Attribute.Type.DOUBLE +
                    ", but found " + attributeType.toString());
        }
    }

    /**
     * The main execution method which will be called upon event arrival
     * when there are more than one function parameter
     *
     * @param data the runtime values of function parameters
     * @return the function result
     */
    @Override
    protected Object execute(Object[] data) {
        return null;
    }

    /**
     * The main execution method which will be called upon event arrival
     * when there are zero or one function parameter
     *
     * @param data null if the function parameter count is zero or
     *             runtime data value of the function parameter
     * @return the function result
     */
    @Override
    protected Object execute(Object data) {
        if (data != null) {
            //type-conversion
            if (data instanceof Integer) {
                int inputInt = (Integer) data;
                return Math.sin((double) inputInt);
            } else if (data instanceof Long) {
                long inputLong = (Long) data;
                return Math.sin((double) inputLong);
            } else if (data instanceof Float) {
                float inputFloat = (Float) data;
                return Math.sin((double) inputFloat);
            } else if (data instanceof Double) {
                return Math.sin((Double) data);
            }
        } else {
            throw new ExecutionPlanRuntimeException("Input to the math:sin() function cannot be null");
        }
        return null;
    }

    /**
     * This will be called only once and this can be used to acquire
     * required resources for the processing element.
     * This will be called after initializing the system and before
     * starting to process the events.
     */
    @Override
    public void start() {
        //Implement start logic to acquire relevant resources
    }

    /**
     * This will be called only once and this can be used to release
     * the acquired resources for processing.
     * This will be called before shutting down the system.
     */
    @Override
    public void stop() {
        //Implement stop logic to release the acquired resources
    }

    @Override
    public Attribute.Type getReturnType() {
        return Attribute.Type.DOUBLE;
    }


    /**
     * Used to collect the serializable state of the processing element, that need to be
     * persisted for the reconstructing the element to the same state on a different point of time
     *
     * @return stateful objects of the processing element as an array
     */
    @Override
    public Object[] currentState() {
        return null;
    }

    /**
     * Used to restore serialized state of the processing element, for reconstructing
     * the element to the same state as if was on a previous point of time.
     *
     * @param state the stateful objects of the element as an array on
     *              the same order provided by currentState().
     */
    @Override
    public void restoreState(Object[] state) {
        //Implement restore state logic.
    }
}

Sample math.siddhiext extension mapping file for the  custom function extension can be found below;

#
# Copyright (c) 2015, WSO2 Inc. (http://www.wso2.org) All Rights Reserved.
#
# WSO2 Inc. licenses this file to you under the Apache License,
# Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not use this file except
# in compliance with the License.
# You may obtain a copy of the License at
#
#     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
#
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing,
# software distributed under the License is distributed on an
# "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY
# KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the
# specific language governing permissions and limitations
# under the License.
#

sin=org.wso2.siddhi.extension.math.SinFunctionExtension
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