This documentation is for WSO2 Carbon 4.4.3. View documentation for the latest release.
Enabling Java Security Manager - Carbon 4.4.3 - WSO2 Documentation
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The Java Security Manager is used to define various security policies that prevent untrusted code from manipulating your system.  Enabling the Java Security Manager for WSO2 products activates the Java permissions that are in the <PRODUCT_HOME>/repository/conf/sec.policy file. You modify this file to change the Java security permissions as required.

The steps below show how to enable the Java Security Manager for WSO2 products.

Before you begin, ensure that you have Java 1.6 installed.

  1. Download the WSO2 product to any location (e.g., <HOME>/user/<product-pack> folder).

  2. To sign the JARs in your product, you need a key. Generate it using the keytool command as follows:

    keytool -genkey -alias signFiles -keyalg RSA -keystore signkeystore.jks -validity 3650 -dname "CN=Sanjeewa,OU=Engineering, O=WSO2, L=Colombo, ST=Western, C=LK"Enter keystore password:  
    
    Re-enter new password:
    Enter key password for
    (RETURN if same as keystore password)

    The default keystore of the WSO2 products is wso2carbon.jks, which is in the <PRODUCT_HOME>/repository/resources/security folder. It is used for signing JARs.

  3. Import the signFiles public key certificate that you created earlier to wso2carbon.jks. The sample below shows the security policy file referring the signer certificate from the wso2carbon.jks file:

    $ keytool -export -keystore signkeystore.jks -alias signFiles -file sign-cert.cer 
        
    $ keytool -import -alias signFiles -file sign-cert.cer -keystore repository/resources/security/wso2carbon.jks
        Enter keystore password:  
        Owner: CN=Sanjeewa, OU=Engineering, O=WSO2, L=Colombo, ST=Western, C=LK
        Issuer: CN=Sanjeewa, OU=Engineering, O=WSO2, L=Colombo, ST=Western, C=LK
        Serial number: 5486f3b0
        Valid from: Tue Dec 09 18:35:52 IST 2014 until: Fri Dec 06 18:35:52 IST 2024
        Certificate fingerprints:
        MD5:  54:13:FD:06:6F:C9:A6:BC:EE:DF:73:A9:88:CC:02:EC
        SHA1: AE:37:2A:9E:66:86:12:68:28:88:12:A0:85:50:B1:D1:21:BD:49:52
        Signature algorithm name: SHA1withRSA
        Version: 3
        Trust this certificate? [no]:  yes
        Certificate was added to keystore
  4. Update the "grant signedBy" value in the security policy file with the signed alias key. See the following sample security policy file:

    grant signedBy "signFiles" {
      // permission java.util.PropertyPermission "*", "read";
      // permission java.lang.RuntimePermission "*", "*";
      // permission java.io.FilePermission "*", "*";
      permission java.security.AllPermission;
    };
  5. Prepare the scripts to sign the JARs and grant them the required permission. For example, the signJar.sh script given below can be used to sign each JAR file separately or you can use the signJars.sh script, which runs a loop to read all JARs and sign them.

    signJar.sh script
     #!/bin/bash
        set -e
        jarfile=$1
        keystore_file="signkeystore.jks"
        keystore_keyalias='signFiles'
        keystore_storepass='wso2123'
        keystore_keypass='wso2123'
        signjar="$JAVA_HOME/bin/jarsigner -keystore $keystore_file -storepass $keystore_storepass -keypass $keystore_keypass"
        verifyjar="$JAVA_HOME/bin/jarsigner -keystore $keystore_file -verify"
        echo "Signing $jarfile"
        $signjar $jarfile $keystore_keyalias
        echo "Verifying $jarfile"
        $verifyjar $jarfile
        # Check whether the verification is successful.
        if [ $? -eq 1 ]
        then
           echo "Verification failed for $jarfile"
        fi
    signJars.sh script
    #!/bin/bash
        if [[ ! -d $1 ]]; then
           echo "Please specify a target directory"
           exit 1
        fi
        for jarfile in `find . -type f -iname \*.jar`
        do
          ./signJar.sh $jarfile
        done 
  6. Execute the following commands to sign the JARs in your product:

    ./signJars.sh /HOME/user/<product-pack>

    Every time you add an external JAR to the WSO2 product, sign them manually using the above instructions for the Java Security Manager to be effective. You add external JARs to the server when extending the product, applying patches etc. 

  7. Open the startup script in the <PRODUCT_HOME>/bin folder. For Linux, it is wso2server.sh
  8. Add the following system properties to the startup script and save the file:

    -Djava.security.manager=org.wso2.carbon.bootstrap.CarbonSecurityManager \
    -Djava.security.policy=$CARBON_HOME/repository/conf/sec.policy \
    -Drestricted.packages=sun.,com.sun.xml.internal.ws.,com.sun.xml.internal.bind.,com.sun.imageio.,org.wso2.carbon. \
    -Ddenied.system.properties=javax.net.ssl.trustStore,javax.net.ssl.trustStorePassword,denied.system.properties \
  9. Create a sec.policy file with the required security policies in the <PRODUCT_HOME>/repository/conf folder and start the server. Starting the server makes the Java permissions defined in the sec.policy file to take effect. 

    An example of a sec.policy file is given below. It includes mostly WSO2 Carbon-level permissions.

    grant {
        // Allow socket connections for any host
        permission java.net.SocketPermission "*:1-65535", "connect,resolve";
       
        // Allow to read all properties. Use -Ddenied.system.properties in wso2server.sh to restrict properties
        permission java.util.PropertyPermission "*", "read";
           
        permission java.lang.RuntimePermission "getClassLoader";
           
        // CarbonContext APIs require this permission
        permission java.lang.management.ManagementPermission "control";
       
        // Required by any component reading XMLs. For example: org.wso2.carbon.databridge.agent.thrift:4.2.1.
        permission java.lang.RuntimePermission "accessClassInPackage.com.sun.xml.internal.bind.v2.runtime.reflect";
       
        // Required by org.wso2.carbon.ndatasource.core:4.2.0. This is only necessary after adding above permission. 
        permission java.lang.RuntimePermission "accessClassInPackage.com.sun.xml.internal.bind";
    };
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