This documentation is for clustering older WSO2 products. View documentation for more recent releases.
Clustering Application Server - Clustering Guide 4.1.0 - WSO2 Documentation
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We have given below the minimum configuration instructions required to cluster two WSO2 Application Server instances. The cluster consists of two sub cluster domains as worker/management and is fronted by a single load balancer. Altogether, we will be configuring three instances as follows: 

Using similar instructions, this minimum configuration can be extended to include many worker/manager nodes into the cluster.

Setting up WSO2 Elastic Load Balancer 

1. Download and extract WSO2 ELB. This folder will be referred to as <elb-home>.

2. Go to <elb-home>/repository/conf/loadbalancer.conf and add the following entries under services.

appserver {
  domains{
     wso2.as.domain {
        hosts mgt.as.cloud-test.wso2.com;
        sub_domain mgt;
        tenant_range *;
     }
     wso2.as.domain {
        hosts as.cloud-test.wso2.com;
        sub_domain worker;
        tenant_range *;
     }
   }
}

The above configuration includes two sub domains under a single cluster domain named "wso2.as.domain". Each sub domain consists of a single product instance (for the sake of simplicity). Management sub domain includes one management node and the worker sub domain includes one worker node.  

3. These two product instances can be setup in separate physical servers, 2 VM instances or a single machine. If they are set up in one machine, update the host file accordingly. For example,

127.0.0.1 mgt.as.cloud-test.wso2.com
127.0.0.1 as.cloud-test.wso2.com

4. Open the <elb-home>/repository/conf/passthru-http.properties file and set the http.socket.timeout property to the time in milliseconds that you want the socket to stay open after the last data packet has been transferred. The default is 6000 (60 seconds); setting it to 0 prevents the socket from timing out at all.

 

5. Uncomment <localMemberHost> element in <elb-home>/repository/conf/axis2/axis2.xml and specify the IP address (or host name) to be exposed to members of the cluster.

<parameter name="localMemberHost">127.0.0.1</parameter>

6. Start the WSO2 Elastic Load Balancer instace. 

Management Node Configuration 

1. Download and extract the WSO2 Application Server distribution. (Will be referred to as <manager-home>) 

axis2.xml configuration

2. First, clustering should be enabled at axis2 level in order for management node to communicate with load balancer and the worker nodes. Open  <manager-home>/repository/conf/axis2/axis2.xml and update the clustering configuration as follows:

<clustering class="org.apache.axis2.clustering.tribes.TribesClusteringAgent" enable="true">
<parameter name="membershipScheme">wka</parameter>

3. Specify the cluster domain as defined in loadbalancer.conf.

<parameter name="domain">wso2.as.domain</parameter>
<parameter name="localMemberHost">mgt.as.cloud-test.wso2.com</parameter>
<parameter name="localMemberPort">4250</parameter>

4. Add a new property "subDomain" and set it to "mgt" to denote that this node belongs to mgt subdomain of the cluster defined in loadbalancer.conf.

<parameter name="properties">
   <property name="backendServerURL" value="https://${hostName}:${httpsPort}/services/"/>
   <property name="mgtConsoleURL" value="https://${hostName}:${httpsPort}/"/>
   <property name="subDomain" value="mgt"/>
</parameter>

5. Add load balancer’s IP or host name. For example, 127.0.0.1 for Load Balancer and the local member port (4000) as defined in the axis2.xml of WSO2 LB before.

<members>
   <member>
      <hostName>127.0.0.1</hostName>
      <port>4000</port>
   </member>
</members>
catalina-server.xml configuration

Since the WSO2 Application Server management node is fronted by the WSO2 Load Balancer, the proxy ports associated with HTTP and HTTPS connectors should be configured. These proxy ports are the corresponding transport receiver ports opened by WSO2 LB (configured in transport listeners section in axis2.xml).

6. Open <manager-home>/repository/conf/tomcat/catalina-server.xml and add the proxyPort attribute for both HTTP and HTTPS connectors as shown below.

<Connector protocol="org.apache.coyote.http11.Http11NioProtocol"
           port="9763"
           proxyPort="8280">

<Connector protocol="org.apache.coyote.http11.Http11NioProtocol"
           port="9443"
           proxyPort="8243">
carbon.xml configuration

7. Since multiple WSO2 Carbon-based products are run in same host, to avoid possible port conflicts, the port offset of <manager-home>/repository/conf/carbon.xml should be changed as follows.

<!-- Ports offset. This entry will set the value of the ports defined below to the define value + Offset. e.g. Offset=2 and HTTPS port=9443 will set the effective HTTPS port to 9445 -->

<Offset>1</Offset>

8. Update mgtHostName and HostName elements in carbon.xml as shown below.

<HostName>as.cloud-test.wso2.com</HostName>
<MgtHostName>mgt.as.cloud-test.wso2.com</MgtHostName>

9. The Application Server management node is used for deploying artifacts. These artifacts should be synchronized automatically to the worker nodes in the cluster. This is handled by the deployment synchronization mechanism in WSO2 Carbon based products.  The default SVN based deployment synchronizer can be used to auto-commit the deployment artifacts to a pre-configured SVN repository. Then, the worker nodes can be configured to automatically check-out the artifacts from the same SVN location.
 
Include the following in <manager-home>/repository/conf/carbon.xml file to configure SVN based deployment synchronizer.

<DeploymentSynchronizer>
     <Enabled>true</Enabled>
     <AutoCommit>true</AutoCommit>
     <AutoCheckout>true</AutoCheckout>
     <RepositoryType>svn</RepositoryType>
     <SvnUrl>http://10.100.3.115/svn/repos/as</SvnUrl>
     <SvnUser>wso2</SvnUser>
     <SvnPassword>wso2123</SvnPassword>
     <SvnUrlAppendTenantId>true</SvnUrlAppendTenantId>
</DeploymentSynchronizer>

 Make sure to replace the SvnUrl, SvnUser and SvnPassword according to your SVN repository.

10. Start the Application Server instance in the management node.

Note

Once the work-manager clustering configurations are added, the management console should be accessed using the URL: https://mgt.as.cloud-test.wso2.com:9444/carbon

11. Refer to the logs to ensure that the product instance has successfully joined the cluster and ready to receive requests through the load balancer.

12. Also, try deploying an artifact through the manager node. You should receive an error since the server looks for the worker node, which is not in the cluster yet.  Although the request is issued through the management node, all requests are served by the worker node(s).

Worker Node Configuration 

1. Download and extract the WSO2 Application Server distribution. (Will be referred to as <worker-home>) 

axis2.xml configuration 

Do the following  modifications in addition to the changes done to aixs2.xml of the management node. 

2. If two instances of cluster nodes are in the same machine, update localxMemberPort element in <worker-home>/repository/conf/axis2/axis2.xml as follow:

<parameter name="localMemberPort">4251</parameter>

3. The worker node belongs to the "worker" sub domain of the cluster domain configured in loadbalancer.conf of WSO2 Load Balancer. Add a new property to <worker-home>/repository/conf/axis2/axis2.xml as "subDomain" to represent this.

<parameter name="properties">
    <property name="backendServerURL" value="https://${hostName}:${httpsPort}/services/"/>
    <property name="mgtConsoleURL" value="https://${hostName}:${httpsPort}/"/>
    <property name="subDomain" value="worker"/>
</parameter>
carbon.xml configuration

4. Since multiple WSO2 Carbon-based products are run in same host, to avoid possible port conflicts, the port offset of <worker-home>/repository/conf/carbon.xml should be changed as follows.

<!-- Ports offset. This entry will set the value of the ports defined below to the define value + Offset. e.g. Offset=2 and HTTPS port=9443 will set the effective HTTPS port to 9445 -->

<Offset>2</Offset>

5. Update the HostName element as shown below. MgtHostName element is not needed since this node is designated as the worker node.

<HostName>as.cloud-test.wso2.com</HostName>

6. Next, configure the SVN-based deployment synchronizer to automatically check-out deployment artifacts from a common SVN repository. The worker nodes of a cluster SHOULD NOT commit (write) artifacts. Therefore, disable AutoCommit property in the deployment synchronizer configuration as follows:

<DeploymentSynchronizer>
       <Enabled>true</Enabled>
       <AutoCommit>false</AutoCommit>
       <AutoCheckout>true</AutoCheckout>
       <RepositoryType>svn</RepositoryType>
       <SvnUrl>http://10.100.3.115/svn/repos/as</SvnUrl>
       <SvnUser>wso2</SvnUser>
       <SvnPassword>wso2123</SvnPassword>
       <SvnUrlAppendTenantId>true</SvnUrlAppendTenantId>
</DeploymentSynchronizer>

 7. Start the worker product instance. The workerNode system property must be set to true when starting the workers in a cluster. For example,

sh wso2server.sh -DworkerNode=true

If you wish to start the worker in daemon mode, edit the wso2server.sh shell script and add -DworkerNode=true to the end of the script as shown below. Start the server with 'sh ./wso2server.sh start'.

....
   -Dfile.encoding=UTF8 \
    -DworkerNode=true \
    org.wso2.carbon.bootstrap.Bootstrap $*
    status=$?
......


 

 8. Refer to the logs to ensure that the product instance has successfully joined the cluster. 

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