This documentation is for WSO2 Enterprise Integrator version 6.1.1 . View documentation for the latest release.

All docs This doc
||
Skip to end of metadata
Go to start of metadata

The Transaction mediator supports distributed transactions using the Java transaction API (JTA). When it comes to distributed transactions, it involves accessing and updating data on two or more networked computers, often using multiple databases. For example, two databases or a database and a message queue such as JMS. You can use the Synapse configuration language to define when to start, commit, or roll back the transaction. For example, you can mark the start of a transaction at the start of a database commit, mark the end of the transaction at the end of database commit and roll back the transaction if an error occurs.

Let's explore a basic transaction mediator scenario that demonstrates how the transaction mediator can be used to manage complex distributed transactions. 


Transaction mediator scenario

You have a record in one database and you want to delete that record from the first database and add it to a second database.  Assume that these two databases can either be run on the same server or can be in two remote servers. The database tables are defined in a way that the same entry cannot be added twice. Therefore, in the successful scenario, the record will be deleted from the first database and will be added to the second database. In the failure scenario, the record is already in the second database, hence the record will not be deleted from the first table nor will it be added into the second database.


Prerequisites

  • Windows, Linux or Solaris operating systems with WSO2 EI installed.
  • Apache Derby database server. If you do not have the Apache Derby database set up, download the Apache Derby distribution from  http://db.apache.org.

Configuring the example scenario

  1. Copy and paste the following configuration into <EI_HOME>/repository/deployment/server/synapse-configs/<node>/synapse.xml.
    The sample configuration used here is similar to sample 361. Here via the In sequence a message is sent to the service, and via the Out sequence an entry from the first database is deleted and the second database is updated with that entry. If an entry that already exists is added once again to the second database, the entire transaction will roll back.

    <definitions xmlns="http://ws.apache.org/ns/synapse">
       <sequence name="myFaultHandler">
            <log level="custom">
                <property name="text" value="** Rollback Transaction**"/>
            </log>
            <transaction action="rollback"/>
            <send/>
        </sequence>
        <sequence name="main" onError="myFaultHandler">
            <in>
                <send>
                    <endpoint>
                        <address uri="http://localhost:9000/services/SimpleStockQuoteService"/>
                    </endpoint>
                </send>
            </in>
             <out>
                <transaction action="new"/>
                <log level="custom">
                    <property name="text" value="** Reporting to the Database EIdb**"/>
                </log>
                <dbreport useTransaction="true" xmlns="http://ws.apache.org/ns/synapse">
                    <connection>
                        <pool>
                            <dsName>java:jdbc/XADerbyDS</dsName>
                            <icClass>org.jnp.interfaces.NamingContextFactory</icClass>
                            <url>localhost:1099</url>
                            <user>EI</user>
                            <password>EI</password>
                        </pool>
                    </connection>
                    <statement>
                         <sql>delete from company where name =?</sql>
                         <parameter expression="//m0:return/m1:symbol/child::text()"
                           xmlns:m0="http://services.samples" xmlns:m1="http://services.samples/xsd"
                                     type="VARCHAR"/>
                    </statement>
                </dbreport>
                <log level="custom">
                    <property name="text" value="** Reporting to the Database EIdb1**"/>
                </log>
                <dbreport useTransaction="true" xmlns="http://ws.apache.org/ns/synapse">
                    <connection>
                        <pool>
                            <dsName>java:jdbc/XADerbyDS1</dsName>
                            <icClass>org.jnp.interfaces.NamingContextFactory</icClass>
                            <url>localhost:1099</url>
                            <user>EI</user>
                            <password>EI</password>
                        </pool>
                    </connection>
                    <statement>
                        <sql>INSERT into company values (?,'c4',?)</sql>
                        <parameter expression="//m0:return/m1:symbol/child::text()"
             xmlns:m1="http://services.samples/xsd" xmlns:m0="http://services.samples"
                                   type="VARCHAR"/>
                        <parameter expression="//m0:return/m1:last/child::text()"
             xmlns:m1="http://services.samples/xsd" xmlns:m0="http://services.samples"
                                   type="DOUBLE"/>
                    </statement>
                </dbreport>
                <transaction action="commit"/>
                <send/>
            </out>
        </sequence>
    </definitions>
    
  2. Setup two  distributed Derby databases  EIdb and EIdb1.  For instructions on setting up the Derby databases,  see Setting up the Derby database server.  

  3. Create a table in EIdb by executing the following statement.

    CREATE table company(name varchar(10) primary key, id varchar(10), price double);
  4. Create a table in EIdb1 by executing the following statement.

    CREATE table company(name varchar(10) primary key, id varchar(10), price double);
  5. Insert records into the two tables that you created by executing the following statements.

    To insert records into the table in EIdb

    INSERT into company values ('IBM','c1',0.0);
    INSERT into company values ('SUN','c2',0.0);
    

    To insert records into the table in EIdb1

    INSERT into company values ('SUN','c2',0.0);
    INSERT into company values ('MSFT','c3',0.0);
    

    Note

    When inserting records into the tables, the order of the record matters.

  6. Create the following data source declarations for the distributed databases in the <EI_HOME>/conf/datasources/master-datasources.xml file.

    <datasources>
        <xa-datasource>
            <jndi-name>jdbc/XADerbyDS</jndi-name>
            <isSameRM-override-value>false</isSameRM-override-value>
            <xa-datasource-class>org.apache.derby.jdbc.ClientXADataSource</xa-datasource-class>
            <xa-datasource-property name="portNumber">1527</xa-datasource-property>
            <xa-datasource-property name="DatabaseName">EIdb</xa-datasource-property>
            <xa-datasource-property name="User">EI</xa-datasource-property>
            <xa-datasource-property name="Password">EI</xa-datasource-property>
            <metadata>
                <type-mapping>Derby</type-mapping>
            </metadata>
        </xa-datasource>
    </datasources>
    
    <datasources>
        <xa-datasource>
            <jndi-name>jdbc/XADerbyDS1</jndi-name>
            <isSameRM-override-value>false</isSameRM-override-value>
            <xa-datasource-class>org.apache.derby.jdbc.ClientXADataSource</xa-datasource-class>
            <xa-datasource-property name="portNumber">1527</xa-datasource-property>
            <xa-datasource-property name="DatabaseName">EIdb1</xa-datasource-property>
            <xa-datasource-property name="User">EI</xa-datasource-property>
            <xa-datasource-property name="Password">EI</xa-datasource-property>
            <metadata>
                <type-mapping>Derby</type-mapping>
            </metadata>
        </xa-datasource>
    </datasources>
  7. Deploy the back-end service SimpleStockQuoteService. For instructions on deploying sample back-end services, see Deploying sample back-end services.
  8. Start the Axis2 server. For instructions on starting the Axis2 server, see Starting the Axis2 server.

Testing the example scenario

To test the successful scenario

  • Execute the following command from the <EI_HOME>/samples/axis2Client directory.

    ant stockquote -Daddurl=http://localhost:9000/services/SimpleStockQuoteService
    -Dtrpurl=http://localhost:8280/ -Dsymbol=IBM
    

    Executing this command removes the IBM record from the first database and adds it to the second database. 

    When you check both databases you will see that the IBM record is deleted from the first database and added to the second database.

To test the f ailure scenario

  • Execute the following command from the <EI_HOME>/samples/axis2Client directory.

    ant stockquote -Daddurl=http://localhost:9000/services/SimpleStockQuoteService
    -Dtrpurl=http://localhost:8280/ -Dsymbol=SUN
    

    Executing this command attempts to add an already existing record again to the second database, which results in the fault sequence being executed. You will see an exception raised for duplicate entries and the entire transaction will roll back. 

    When you check both databases you will see that a record is neither deleted from the first database nor added into the second database.

  • No labels