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Dynamic User Authentication - Enterprise Integrator Documentation - WSO2 Documentation

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Dynamic user authentication allows you to authenticate database users dynamically for each data service call. This is implemented using a mapping between the server users and the database users. This mapping can be either,

  • Static inside the data service configuration.
  • Provided at runtime through a Java class that implements the interface org.wso2.carbon.dataservices.core.auth.DynamicUserAuthenticator.

The following topics explain both:

Static configuration

You can specify a code as shown in the following example in the datasource configuration section of the data service.

<data name="RDBMSSample" serviceGroup="RDBMS">                           
   <config id="default">                                                      
      <property name="driverClassName">org.h2.Driver</property>                                      
      <property name="url">jdbc:h2:file:./samples/database/DATA_SERV_SAMP</property>
      <property name="username">wso2ds</property>
      <property name="password">wso2ds</property>
      <property name="dynamicUserAuthMapping">
         <configuration>
            <entry request="admin">
               <username>wso2ds</username>
               <password>wso2ds</password>
            </entry>
            <entry request="user1">
               <username>dbuser1</username>
               <password>dbpass1</password>
            </entry>
            <entry request="*">                                                                                  
               <username>guest</username>                                                                     
               <password>guest</password>                                                               
            </entry>                                                                        
         </configuration>                                                
      </property>                            
   </config>  
....

The configuration above maps the two Carbon users to specific database credentials and the rest of the users to a different username/password pair. The dynamicUserAuthMapping property in /configuration/entry/@request represents the incoming Carbon user, and the username and password elements that follow represent the mapped database credentials.

For dynamic user authentication to work, security must be enabled in the data service throug UsernameToken for user authentication. If user authentication is not available when a dynamicUserAuthMapping section is specified, it maps to the request="*" scenario by default.

The following screenshot shows a sample configuration of dynamic user mappings. For each entry, the Carbon user and the target database user/password can be mapped.

Runtime configuration

In the runtime mode, the property dynamicUserAuthClass must be specified instead of the datasource configuration property dynamicUserAuthMapping. The dynamicUserAuthClass property's value must have the fully-qualified class name of a Java class that implements the interface org.wso2.carbon.dataservices.core.auth.DynamicUserAuthenticator. The interface is as follows:

public interface DynamicUserAuthenticator {
     /**
     * This method is used to lookup a username/password pair given a source username.
     * @param user The source username
     * @return A two element String array containing the username and password respectively
     * @throws DataServiceFault
     */
     String[] lookupCredentials(String user) throws DataServiceFault;

}

The following example code snippet shows an implementation of a dynamic user authenticator class.

package samples;
import org.wso2.carbon.dataservices.core.DataServiceFault;
import org.wso2.carbon.dataservices.core.auth.DynamicUserAuthenticator;

public class MyDynAuthClass implements DynamicUserAuthenticator {
     @Override
     public String[] lookupCredentials(String user) throws DataServiceFault {
             if ("admin".equals(user)) {
                 return new String[] {"wso2ds", "wso2ds"};
             } else if ("user1".equals(user)) {
                 return new String[] {"dbuser1", "dbpass1"};
             } else if ("user2".equals(user)) {
                 return new String[] {"dbuser2", "dbpass2"};
             } else {
                 throw new DataServiceFault("The user '" + user + "' not supported in invoking the target data service");
             }
      }
}

The lookupCredentials method takes in the request user and returns the database username/password in a String array. The dbs file configuration format is as follows:

<data name="RDBMSSample" serviceGroup="RDBMS">                           
   <config id="default">
      <property name="driverClassName">org.h2.Driver</property>
      <property name="url">jdbc:h2:file:./samples/database/DATA_SERV_SAMP</property>
      <property name="username">wso2ds</property>
      <property name="password">wso2ds</property>                                             
      <property name="dynamicUserAuthClass">samples.MyDynAuthClass</property>
....

The dynamic user authentication class can be specified in the field shown in the screenshot below.

Dynamic user lookup order of precedence

In a single datasource configuration, both the static and the runtime configurations can be available at once. The server processes them as follows:

  • Higher precedence goes to the static mapping in initially looking up the credentials. The "*" request setting is ignored in the first pass
  • If a request user/database credentials mapping cannot be found, the secondary runtime Java class implementation is used to look up the user
  • If the previous option also fails, the program returns for the primary static mapping and processes the "*" request mapping
  • The data service request returns an error only if all of the above options fail

Use of external datasources

When using datasources that are not inline like Carbon, JNDI etc. the datasources must be specified in a way that its connections can be created for selected users. Specifically in Carbon datasources, enable the setting alternateUsernameAllowed for dynamic user authentication to function.

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