By default, WSO2 products use the embedded H2 database as the database for storing user management and registry data. Given below are the steps you need to follow in order to use an Oracle RAC database for this purpose.
Before you begin
You need to set up Oracle RAC before following the steps to configure your product with Oracle RAC. For more information, see Setting up Oracle RAC.
Setting up datasource configurations
A datasource is used to establish the connection to a database. By default,
WSO2_CARBON_DB datasource is used to connect to the default H2 database, which stores registry and user management data. After setting up the Oracle RAC database to replace the default H2 database, either change the default configurations of the
WSO2_CARBON_DB datasource, or configure a new datasource to point it to the new database as explained below.
Changing the default WSO2_CARBON_DB datasource
Follow the steps below to change the type of the default
Edit the default datasource configuration in the <
aster-datasources.xmlfile as shown below.
<datasource> <name>WSO2_CARBON_DB</name> <description>The datasource used for registry and user manager</description> <jndiConfig> <name>jdbc/WSO2CarbonDB</name> </jndiConfig> <definition type="RDBMS"> <configuration> <url>jdbc:oracle:thin:@(DESCRIPTION=(LOAD_BALANCE=on) (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=racnode1) (PORT=1521)) (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=racnode2) (PORT=1521)) (CONNECT_DATA=(SERVICE_NAME=rac)))</url> <username>regadmin</username> <password>regadmin</password> <driverClassName>oracle.jdbc.driver.OracleDriver</driverClassName> <maxActive>80</maxActive> <maxWait>60000</maxWait> <minIdle>5</minIdle> <testOnBorrow>true</testOnBorrow> <validationQuery>SELECT 1 FROM DUAL</validationQuery> <validationInterval>30000</validationInterval> <defaultAutoCommit>false</defaultAutoCommit> </configuration> </definition> </datasource>
The elements in the above configuration are described below:
Element Description url The URL of the database. The default port for a DB2 instance is 50000. username and password The name and password of the database user driverClassName The class name of the database driver maxActive The maximum number of active connections that can be allocated at the same time from this pool. Enter any negative value to denote an unlimited number of active connections. maxWait The maximum number of milliseconds that the pool will wait (when there are no available connections) for a connection to be returned before throwing an exception. You can enter zero or a negative value to wait indefinitely. minIdle The minimum number of active connections that can remain idle in the pool without extra ones being created, or enter zero to create none.
The indication of whether objects will be validated before being borrowed from the pool. If the object fails to validate, it will be dropped from the pool, and another attempt will be made to borrow another. validationQuery The SQL query that will be used to validate connections from this pool before returning them to the caller. validationInterval The indication to avoid excess validation, and only run validation at the most, at this frequency (time in milliseconds). If a connection is due forvalidation,but has been validated previously within this interval, it will not be validated again. defaultAutoCommit
This property is not applicable to the Carbon database in WSO2 products because auto committing is usually handled at the code level, i.e., the default auto commit configuration specified for the RDBMS driver will be effective instead of this property element. Typically, auto committing is enabled for RDBMS drivers by default.
When auto committing is enabled, each SQL statement will be committed to the database as an individual transaction, as opposed to committing multiple statements as a single transaction.
For more information on other parameters that can be defined in the <
master-datasources.xmlfile, see Tomcat JDBC Connection Pool.
Configuring new datasources to manage registry or user management data
Follow the steps below to configure new datasources to point to the new databases you create to manage registry and/or user management data separately.
- Add a new datasource with similar configurations as the
WSO2_CARBON_DBdatasource above to the <
master-datasources.xmlfile. Change its elements with your custom values. For instructions, see Setting up datasource configurations.
If you are setting up a separate database to store registry-related data, update the following configurations in the <
<dbConfig name="wso2registry"> <dataSource>jdbc/MY_DATASOURCE_NAME</dataSource> </dbConfig>
If you are setting up a separate database to store user management data, update the following configurations in the <
<Configuration> <Property name="dataSource">jdbc/MY_DATASOURCE_NAME</Property> </Configuration>
Creating the database tables
To create the database tables, connect to the database that you created earlier and run the following scripts in SQL*Plus:
To create tables in the registry and user manager database (
WSO2CARBON_DB), use the below script:
Restart the server.
You can create database tables automatically when starting the product for the first time by using the
-Dsetup parameter as follows.
Deprecation of -DSetup
When proper Database Administrative (DBA) practices are followed, the systems (except analytics products) are not granted DDL (Data Definition) rights on the schema. Therefore, maintaining the
-DSetup option is redundant and typically unusable. As a result, from January 2018 onwards WSO2 has deprecated the
-DSetup option. Note that the proper practice is for the DBA to run the DDL statements manually so that the DBA can examine and optimize any DDL statement (if necessary) based on the DBA best practices that are in place within the organization.