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Introduction

This sample demonstrates how to use the dynamic load balancing mechanism of the ESB to support load balancing between three nodes.

Prerequisites

  • Enable clustering and group management in the <ESB_HOME>/repository/conf/axis2/axis2.xml file. To do this,
    1. Set the enable attribute of the clustering and groupManagement elements to true
    2. Provide the IP address of your machine as the value of the mcastBindAddress and localMemberHost parameters. For more information on clustering, see  WSO2 Clustering and Deployment Guide .

  • Enable clustering in the <ESB_HOME>/samples/axis2Server/repository/conf/axis2.xml file. To do this,
    1. Set the enable attribute of the clustering elements to true.
    2. Provide the IP address of your machine as the value of the mcastBindAddress and localMemberHost parameters.
    3. Make sure that the applicationDomain of the membershipHandler is the same as the domain name specified in the axis2.xml file of the Axis2 servers.

  • For a list of general prerequisites, see  Prerequisites to Start the ESB Samples.

Building the sample

The XML configuration for this sample is as follows: 

<definitions xmlns="http://ws.apache.org/ns/synapse">
    <sequence name="main" onError="errorHandler">
        <in>
            <send>
                <endpoint name="dynamicLB">
                    <dynamicLoadbalance failover="true" algorithm="org.apache.synapse.endpoints.algorithms.RoundRobin">
                        <membershipHandler class="org.apache.synapse.core.axis2.Axis2LoadBalanceMembershipHandler">
                            <property name="applicationDomain" value="apache.axis2.application.domain"/>
                        </membershipHandler>
                    </dynamicLoadbalance>
                </endpoint>
            </send>
            <drop/>
        </in>
        <out>
            <!-- Send the messages where they have been sent (i.e. implicit To EPR) -->
            <send/>
        </out>
    </sequence>
    <sequence name="errorHandler">
        <makefault response="true">
            <code value="tns:Receiver" xmlns:tns="http://www.w3.org/2003/05/soap-envelope"/>
            <reason value="COULDN'T SEND THE MESSAGE TO THE SERVER."/>
        </makefault>
        <send/>
    </sequence>
</definitions>

This configuration file  synapse_sample_57.xml is available in the <ESB_HOME>/repository/samples directory.

To build the sample

  1. Start the ESB with the sample 57 configuration. For instructions on starting a sample ESB configuration, see Starting the ESB with a sample configuration.

    The operation log keeps running until the server starts, which usually takes several seconds. Wait until the server has fully booted up and displays a message similar to "WSO2 Carbon started in n seconds."

  2. Start three instances of the sample Axis2 server on HTTP ports 9001, 9002 and 9003 respectively and give unique names to each server. For instructions on starting the Axis2 server, see Starting the Axis2 server.

  3. Deploy the back-end service  LoadbalanceFailoverService. For instructions on deploying sample back-end services, see Deploying sample back-end services.

Executing the sample

The sample client used here is the Load Balance and Failover Client.

To execute the sample client

  1. Run the following command from the <ESB_HOME>/samples/axis2Client directory.

    ant loadbalancefailover -Di=100
  2. Run the client again using the above command without the -Di=100 parameter. 
  3. While running the client, stop the server named MyServer1.
  4. Restart MyServer1.

Analyzing the output

When the client is run for the first time, the client sends 100 requests to the LoadbalanceFailoverService through the ESB. The ESB will distribute the load among the three nodes in a round-robin manner. The LoadbalanceFailoverService appends the name of the server to the response, so that the client can determine which server has processed the message.

When you analyze the output on the client console, you will see that the requests are processed by three servers.

The output on the client console will be as follows: 

[java] Request: 1 ==> Response from server: MyServer1
[java] Request: 2 ==> Response from server: MyServer2
[java] Request: 3 ==> Response from server: MyServer3
[java] Request: 4 ==> Response from server: MyServer1
[java] Request: 5 ==> Response from server: MyServer2
[java] Request: 6 ==> Response from server: MyServer3
[java] Request: 7 ==> Response from server: MyServer1
...

When you run the client without the  -Di=100 parameter, the client sends infinite requests. When you stop the server named MyServer1 while running the client, you will see that the requests are distributed only among MyServer2 and MyServer3.

You can see this by analyzing the log output on the client console, which will be as follows: 

...
[java] Request: 61 ==> Response from server: MyServer1
[java] Request: 62 ==> Response from server: MyServer2
[java] Request: 63 ==> Response from server: MyServer3
[java] Request: 64 ==> Response from server: MyServer2
[java] Request: 65 ==> Response from server: MyServer3
[java] Request: 66 ==> Response from server: MyServer2
[java] Request: 67 ==> Response from server: MyServer3
...

By analysing the above output, you will understand that MyServer1 was stopped after request 63. You can come to this conclusion because all requests coming after request 63 are distributed only among MyServer2 and MyServer3.

When you restart MyServer1, you will see that the requests are now sent again to all three servers. 

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