This documentation is for WSO2 Enterprise Service Bus version 5.0.0. For the latest ESB, view the latest WSO2 Enterprise Integrator documentation.

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Introduction

This sample demonstrates how the ESB can handle session aware load balancing between failover endpoints.

The configuration in this sample also uses the session type  simpleClientSession to bind session ID values to servers as in sample 54. The difference in this sample is that fail-over endpoints are specified as child endpoints of the load balance endpoint. Therefore, sessions are bound to the fail-over endpoints. The session specific data maintained in endpoint servers are replicated among the failover endpoints using a clustering mechanism. Therefore, if one endpoint bound to a session fails, successive requests for that session will be directed to the next endpoint in that failover group.

Prerequisites

For a list of prerequisites, see Prerequisites to Start the ESB Samples.

Building the sample

The XML configuration for this sample is as follows: 

<definitions xmlns="http://ws.apache.org/ns/synapse">
    <sequence name="main" onError="errorHandler">
        <in>
            <send>
                <endpoint>
                    <!-- specify the session as the simple client session provided by Synapse for
                    testing purpose -->
                    <session type="simpleClientSession"/>
                    <loadbalance>
                        <endpoint>
                            <failover>
                                <endpoint>
                                    <address uri="http://localhost:9001/services/LBService1">
                                        <enableAddressing/>
                                    </address>
                                </endpoint>
                                <endpoint>
                                    <address uri="http://localhost:9002/services/LBService1">
                                        <enableAddressing/>
                                    </address>
                                </endpoint>
                            </failover>
                        </endpoint>
                        <endpoint>
                            <failover>
                                <endpoint>
                                    <address uri="http://localhost:9003/services/LBService1">
                                        <enableAddressing/>
                                    </address>
                                </endpoint>
                                <endpoint>
                                    <address uri="http://localhost:9004/services/LBService1">
                                        <enableAddressing/>
                                    </address>
                                </endpoint>
                            </failover>
                        </endpoint>
                    </loadbalance>
                </endpoint>
            </send>
            <drop/>
        </in>
        <out>
            <!-- Send the messages where they have been sent (i.e. implicit To EPR) -->
            <send/>
        </out>
    </sequence>
    <sequence name="errorHandler">
        <makefault>
            <code value="tns:Receiver" xmlns:tns="http://www.w3.org/2003/05/soap-envelope"/>
            <reason value="COULDN'T SEND THE MESSAGE TO THE SERVER."/>
        </makefault>
        <send/>
    </sequence>
</definitions>

This configuration file  synapse_sample_55.xml is available in the <ESB_HOME>/repository/samples directory.

To build the sample

  1. Start the ESB with the sample 55 configuration. For instructions on starting a sample ESB configuration, see Starting the ESB with a sample configuration.

    The operation log keeps running until the server starts, which usually takes several seconds. Wait until the server has fully booted up and displays a message similar to "WSO2 Carbon started in n seconds."

  2. Start four instances of the sample Axis2 server on HTTP ports 9001, 9002, 9003 and 9004 respectively and give unique names to each server. For instructions on starting the Axis2 server, see Starting the Axis2 server.

  3. Deploy the back-end service LoadbalanceFailoverService. For instructions on deploying sample back-end services, see Deploying sample back-end services.

Executing the sample

The sample client used here is the Load Balance and Failover Client.

To execute the sample client

  1. Run the following command from the <ESB_HOME>/samples/axis2Client directory.

    ant loadbalancefailover -Dmode=session
  2. While the client is running, stop the server named MyServer1.

Analyzing the output

When the client is run, you will see the following output on the client console:

...
[java] Request: 222 Session number: 0 Response from server: MyServer1
[java] Request: 223 Session number: 0 Response from server: MyServer1
[java] Request: 224 Session number: 1 Response from server: MyServer1
[java] Request: 225 Session number: 2 Response from server: MyServer3
[java] Request: 226 Session number: 0 Response from server: MyServer1
[java] Request: 227 Session number: 1 Response from server: MyServer1
[java] Request: 228 Session number: 2 Response from server: MyServer3
[java] Request: 229 Session number: 1 Response from server: MyServer1
[java] Request: 230 Session number: 1 Response from server: MyServer1
[java] Request: 231 Session number: 2 Response from server: MyServer3
...

By analysing the above output, you will see that the session 0 and session 1 are always directed to MyServer1 whereas session 2 is always directed to MyServer3. You will notice that none of the requests are directed to MyServer2 and MyServer4. This is because MyServer2 and MyServer4 are kept as backup servers by the failover endpoints.

When MyServer1 is stopped while running the sample, you will see that all successive requests for session 0 are directed to MyServer2, which is the backup server for MyServer1's failover group.

The output on the client console will be as follows:

...
[java] Request: 529 Session number: 2 Response from server: MyServer3
[java] Request: 530 Session number: 1 Response from server: MyServer1
[java] Request: 531 Session number: 0 Response from server: MyServer1
[java] Request: 532 Session number: 1 Response from server: MyServer1
[java] Request: 533 Session number: 1 Response from server: MyServer1
[java] Request: 534 Session number: 1 Response from server: MyServer1
[java] Request: 535 Session number: 0 Response from server: MyServer2
[java] Request: 536 Session number: 0 Response from server: MyServer2
[java] Request: 537 Session number: 0 Response from server: MyServer2
[java] Request: 538 Session number: 2 Response from server: MyServer3
[java] Request: 539 Session number: 0 Response from server: MyServer2
...

By analysing the above output, you will see that all requests for session 0 are directed to MyServer2 after the request 534. Therefore, you can come to the conclusion that MyServer1 was stopped after request 534.

 

 

 

 

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