This documentation is for WSO2 Enterprise Service Bus version 5.0.0. For the latest ESB, view the latest WSO2 Enterprise Integrator documentation.

All docs This doc
Skip to end of metadata
Go to start of metadata


This sample demonstrates the functionality of static and dynamic registry resources and the XSLT Mediator. Here a message is sent from the sample client to the back-end service through the ESB using the XSLT Mediator to perform the transformations. The XSLT transformations are specified as registry resources.


For a list of prerequisites, see Prerequisites to Start the ESB Samples.

Building the sample

The XML configuration for this sample is as follows: 

<definitions xmlns="">
    <!-- the SimpleURLRegistry allows access to a URL based registry (e.g. file:/// or http://) -->
    <registry provider="org.wso2.carbon.mediation.registry.ESBRegistry">
        <!-- the root property of the simple URL registry helps resolve a resource URL as root + key -->
        <parameter name="root">file:repository/samples/resources/</parameter>
        <!-- all resources loaded from the URL registry would be cached for this number of milli seconds -->
        <parameter name="cachableDuration">15000</parameter>
    <!-- define the request processing XSLT resource as a static URL source -->
    <localEntry key="xslt-key-req" src="file:repository/samples/resources/transform/transform.xslt"/>
    <sequence name="main">
            <!-- transform the custom quote request into a standard quote requst expected by the service -->
            <xslt key="xslt-key-req"/>
            <!-- transform the standard response back into the custom format the client expects -->
            <!-- the key is looked up in the remote registry and loaded as a 'dynamic' registry resource -->
            <xslt key="transform/transform_back.xslt"/>

This configuration file  synapse_sample_8.xml is available in the <ESB_HOME>/repository/samples directory.

To build the sample

  1. Start the ESB with the sample 8 configuration. For instructions on starting a sample ESB configuration, see Starting the ESB with a sample configuration.

    The operation log keeps running until the server starts, which usually takes several seconds. Wait until the server has fully booted up and displays a message similar to "WSO2 Carbon started in n seconds."

  2. Start the Axis2 server. For instructions on starting the Axis2 server, see Starting the Axis2 server.

  3. Deploy the back-end service SimpleStockQuoteService. For instructions on deploying sample back-end services, see Deploying sample back-end services.

    Now you have a running ESB instance and a back-end service deployed. In the next section, we will send a message to the back-end service through the ESB using a sample client.

Executing the sample

The sample client used here is the Stock Quote Client, which can operate in several modes. For further details on this sample client and its operation modes, see Stock Quote Client.

According to the configuration file synapse_sample_8.xml, the first resource xslt-key-req is specified as a local registry entry. Local entries do not place the resource on the registry, but simply make it available to the local configuration. If a local entry is defined with a key that already exists in the remote registry, the local entry will get a higher preference and will override the remote resource.

In this example you will notice the new registry definition.

ESB comes with a simple URL-based registry implementation SimpleURLRegistry. During initialization of the registry, the SimpleURLRegistry expects to find a property named root, which specifies a prefix for the registry keys used later. When the SimpleURLRegistry is used, this root is prefixed to the entry keys to form the complete URL for the resource being looked up. The registry caches a resource once requested, and caches it internally for a specified duration. Once this period expires, if necessary, it will reload the meta information about the resource and reload its cached copy, the next time the resource is requested.

Therefore, the second XSLT resource key transform/transform_back.xslt concatenated with the root of the SimpleURLRegistry file:repository/samples/resources/ forms the complete URL of the resource as file:repository/samples/resources/transform/transform_back.xslt and caches its value for a period of 15000 ms.

To execute the sample client

  1. Run the following command from the <ESB_HOME>/samples/axis2Client directory.

    ant stockquote -Daddurl=http://localhost:9000/services/SimpleStockQuoteService -Dtrpurl=http://localhost:8280/ -Dmode=customquote
  2. Run the client again immediately using the above command (within 15 seconds of the first request).
  3.  Leave the system idle for more than 15 seconds and run the client again using the command specified in step 1.
  4. Now edit the <ESB_HOME>/repository/samples/resources/transform/transform_back.xslt file and add a blank line at the end
  5.  Run the client again using the command specified in step 1.

Analyzing the output

When you analyze the debug log output on the ESB console, you will see that the incoming message is transformed into a standard stock quote request as expected by the SimpleStockQuoteService deployed on the local Axis2 instance by the XSLT Mediator. The XSLT Mediator uses Xalan-J to perform the transformations. It is possible to configure the underlying transformation engine using properties where necessary.

You will also see that the response from the SimpleStockQuoteService is converted back into the custom format as expected by the client during the out message processing.

During the response processing, the SimpleURLRegistry fetches the resource.

When the client is run for the second time, you will not see the resource being reloaded by the registry as the cached value would be still valid.

When the client is run after leaving the system idle for more than 15 seconds, you will see that the registry detects the expiry of the cached resource and that it checks the meta information about the resource to determine if the resource itself has changed and requires a fresh fetch from the source URL. If the meta data / version number indicates that a reload of the cached resource is not necessary (unless the resource itself actually changed), the updated meta information is used and the cache lease is extended as appropriate.

[HttpClientWorker-1] DEBUG AbstractRegistry - Cached object has expired for key : transform/transform_back.xslt
[HttpClientWorker-1] DEBUG SimpleURLRegistry - Perform RegistryEntry lookup for key : transform/transform_back.xslt
[HttpClientWorker-1] DEBUG AbstractRegistry - Expired version number is same as current version in registry
[HttpClientWorker-1] DEBUG AbstractRegistry - Renew cache lease for another 15s

Once the transform_back.xslt file is edited and the client is run again, If the cache is expired, you will see the following debug log messages which shows that the resource is re-fetched from its URL by the registry.

[HttpClientWorker-1] DEBUG AbstractRegistry - Cached object has expired for key : transform/transform_back.xslt
[HttpClientWorker-1] DEBUG SimpleURLRegistry - Perform RegistryEntry lookup for key : transform/transform_back.xslt

The SimpleURLRegistry allows the resource to be cached and detects updates so that the changes can be reloaded without restarting the ESB instance.

  • No labels