This documentation is for WSO2 Identity Server 5.1.0. View documentation for the latest release.
User Account Locking - Identity Server 5.1.0 - WSO2 Documentation
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Account locking is a security feature in Identity Server that prevents users from logging in to their account and from authenticating themselves using their Identity Server account. For more information about configuring user accounts, see the Configuring User Stores topic. A user account can be locked in one of the following ways:

Account locking by failed login attempts

The Identity Server can be configured to lock a user account when a number of consecutive failed login attempts are exceeded. The following section explains how to configure the Identity Server for account locking.

Configuring Identity Server for account locking

  1. Enable the Identity Listener by setting the <UserOperationEventListener> property with the name "IdentityMgtEventListener", to true in the <IS_HOME>/repository/conf/identity/identity.xml file.

    <EventListener type="org.wso2.carbon.user.core.listener.UserOperationEventListener" name="org.wso2.carbon.identity.mgt.IdentityMgtEventListener" orderId="50" enable="true"/>
  2. Configure the following parameters in the <IS_HOME>/repository/conf/identity/identity-mgt.properties file.

    Configuration

    Description

    Authentication.Policy.Enable=true

    This enables the authentication flow level which checks for the account lock and one time password features. This property must be enabled for the account lock feature to work.

    Authentication.Policy.Account.Lock.On.Failure=true

    This enables locking the account when authentication fails.

    Authentication.Policy.Account.Lock.On.Failure.Max.Attempts=2

    This indicates the number of consecutive attempts that a user can try to log in without the account getting locked. In this case, if the login fails twice, the account is locked.

    Authentication.Policy.Account.Lock.Time=5

    The time specified here is in minutes. In this case, the account is locked for five minutes and authentication can be attempted once this time has passed.

    Authentication.Policy.Enable=true
    Authentication.Policy.Account.Lock.On.Failure=true
    Authentication.Policy.Account.Lock.On.Failure.Max.Attempts=2
    Authentication.Policy.Account.Lock.Time=5

Unlocking the locked user account

The Identity Server can be configured to automatically unlock a user account after a certain period of time. A user account locked by failed login attempts can be unlocked by setting a lock timeout period. To configure this:

  • Configure the Authentication.Policy.Account.Lock.Time property in the  <IS_HOME>/repository/conf/identity/identity-mgt.properties file. As mentioned in the above table, the value refers to the number of minutes that the account is locked for, after which, authentication can be attempted again. 

    Authentication.Policy.Account.Lock.Time=5 

    If the lock time is set to 0, the account has to be unlocked by an admin user. For more information about this, see Account locking by an administrative user.

Account locking by an administrative user

An administrative user can unlock a user account using one of the following methods:

Using the management console

An administrative user can lock a user account by editing the user’s profile in the management console. 

  1. Start the IS server if you have not already and log in to the management console using admin credentials.
  2. Navigate to Claims>List on the Configure menu and select the http://wso2.org/claims  claim dialect. For more information about claims, see Claim Management
  3. Select the Account Locked claim and click Edit.

  4. Select the "Supported by Default" checkbox and click Update. This is done to make the "Account Locked" status appear in the user's profile. 
  5. Navigate to Users and Roles>List>Users on the Main menu and click on User Profile of the user you want to lock. 
  6. If it is the first time this particular account is being locked, a textbox will appear in front of the Account Locked field as seen below. To lock the account, type true in the textbox and click Update.
    Screen Shot 2016-01-10 at 9.44.40 PM.png 

If it is not the first time you are locking this user account, there will be a checkbox instead of the textbox shown above in front of the Account Locked field.

Select the checkbox to lock the account or unselect it to unlock the account and click Update.

Using the AdminService

An administrative user (with the permission level /permission/admin/configure/security/usermgt/users ) can lock a user account using the  UserIdentityManagementAdminService . The admin service provides the lockUserAccount operation to achieve this. The following request is a sample SOAP request that can be sent to the UserIdentityManagementAdminService  to lock a user account.

Lock Account SOAP Request
<soapenv:Envelope xmlns:soapenv="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/"xmlns:ser="http://services.mgt.identity.carbon.wso2.org">
  <soapenv:Header/>
  <soapenv:Body>
  <ser:lockUserAccount>
  <!--Optional:-->
  <ser:userName>Bob</ser:userName>
  </ser:lockUserAccount>
  </soapenv:Body>
</soapenv:Envelope>
Unlocking a user account from the admin service

Similarly, you can use the UserIdentityManagementAdminService to unlock a locked user account. The service provides the unlockUserAccount operation to achieve this. The following request is a sample SOAP request that can be sent to the UserIdentityManagementAdminService  to unlock a user account.

Unlock Account SOAP Request
<soapenv:Envelope xmlns:soapenv="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/"xmlns:ser="http://services.mgt.identity.carbon.wso2.org">
  <soapenv:Header/>
  <soapenv:Body>
  <ser:unlockUserAccount>
  <!--Optional:-->
  <ser:userName>Bob</ser:userName>
  </ser:unlockUserAccount>
  </soapenv:Body>
</soapenv:Envelope>

The Identity Server can be configured to send an email notification to the user when a user account is unlocked by an admin user. Follow the steps below to configure this. 

  1. Configure the following parameters in the <IS_HOME>/repository/conf/identity/identity-mgt.properties file.

    ConfigurationDescription

    Notification.Expire.Time=7200

    The time specified here is in minutes. In this case, the notification expires after 7200 minutes.

    Notification.Sending.Internally.Managed=true

    This enables the internal email sending module. If this property is set to false, the email sending data is available to the application via a Web service. Thus the application can send the email using its own email sender.

    Notification.Sending.Enable=true

    This property enables the email sending function when the password account is unlocked.

    Notification.Sending.Enable=true
    Notification.Expire.Time=7200
    Notification.Sending.Internally.Managed=true
  2. Navigate to the <IS_HOME>/repository/conf/axis2/axis2.xml file and uncomment the following property. Change the parameter values according to your email (see the second code block below for an example of this).  

    <!--<transportSender name="mailto"
    class="org.apache.axis2.transport.mail.MailTransportSender">

     

    Example
    <transportSender name="mailto"
    class="org.apache.axis2.transport.mail.MailTransportSender">
        <parameter name="mail.smtp.from">sampleemail@gmail.com</parameter>
        <parameter name="mail.smtp.user">sampleemail</parameter>
        <parameter name="mail.smtp.password">password</parameter>
        <parameter name="mail.smtp.host">smtp.gmail.com</parameter>
        <parameter name="mail.smtp.port">587</parameter>
        <parameter name="mail.smtp.starttls.enable">true</parameter>
        <parameter name="mail.smtp.auth">true</parameter>
    </transportSender>
  3. Make sure the following email template is defined in the <IS_HOME>/repository/conf/email/email-admin-config.xml file. This is the format in which the email is sent to the user when the account is unlocked.

    <configuration type="accountUnLock">
        <targetEpr></targetEpr>
        <subject>WSO2 Carbon - Your account unlocked</subject>
        <body>
            Hi {first-name},
            Please note that the account registered with us with the user name: {user-name} has been unlocked by Admin.
        </body>
        <footer>
            Best Regards,
            WSO2 Identity Server Team
            http://www.wso2.com
        </footer>
        <redirectPath></redirectPath>
    </configuration>
  4. Restart the server once the configuration changes are made.

Storing claims in the user store 

By default, IS stores these claim values in the JDBC datasource configured in the identity.xml file. If needed, you can configure IS to store the claim values in the userstore as well.

  1. Open the <IS_HOME>/repository/conf/identity/identity-mgt.properties file and change the Identity.Mgt.User.Data.Store property to the datastore you have configured.

    Identity.Mgt.User.Data.Store=org.wso2.carbon.identity.mgt.store.UserStoreBasedIdentityDataStore

    The default value org.wso2.carbon.identity.mgt.store. JDBCIdentityDataStore  is the Identity datasource. Changing the store to  UserStoreBasedIdentityDataStore ensures that identity claims are stored in the user store. 

  2. The identity claims mentioned below should be mapped correctly to the attributes in the underlying user store. For more information on how to do this, see  Claim Management

 

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