Liferay has a highly extensible architecture. You decide what you want to override in Liferay using an extension. This topic indicates how to delegate Liferay's authentication and authorization functionality to WSO2 Identity Server.
One of the challenges you may face in this integration is the LDAP Users/Groups import. You can connect an LDAP to Liferay, however, to authenticate users to Liferay against the underlying LDAP, it has to import all the users and groups to Liferay's underlying database, which is by default running on Hypersonic.
You only need to keep the user data in a single LDAP to avoid this duplication. However, this is not straightforward as you need to write the complete persistence layer. Let's take a step back and see how Authentication and Authorization work in Liferay.
Liferay has a chain of authenticators. When you enter your username/password, the chain of authenticators are invoked. This is the place where we plugged in the WSO2ISAuthenticator.
The above configuration (which should be in the
liferay_home/tomcat/webapps/ROOT/WEB-INF/classes/portal-ext.properties file) tells Liferay to load our custom authenticator. Also, the second entry indicates that once the authenticator is loaded, do not invoke the rest in the chain. Otherwise, the default Liferay authenticator is also invoked. Third entry points to the AuthenticationAdmin service running in WSO2 Identity Server.
Now, the username and password goes into the WSO2ISAuthenticator and it communicates with WSO2 Identity Server over SOAP to authenticate the user. Once authentication is done, the control is once again passed into the Liferay container.
Now is the tricky part. Liferay has it's own permission model which enables you to view or add portlets depending on your permissions. For this, it needs to find which Liferay roles are attached to the logged in user or which Liferay roles are attached to any group the logged in user belongs to. To get these details, it needs to communicate with the underlying persistence layer which loads details from Liferay's underlying database. This is why it is useful to have users imported here from the LDAP.
Even though it is possible, it was decided not to write a persistence layer but only to override authentication and authorization as that is sufficient for this scenario.
Even in the case of authorization; there are two types.
- The authorization model governed by Liferay to display/add portlets to the portal.
- The authorization model used within the Portlet itself to display content within the portlet.
The first type is done by assigning portlet management permissions to a given Liferay role and assigning members (groups/users) to that role from the underlying LDAP. We did not want to do that as that has more to do with the portal administration side and as a result, much more specific to Liferay. However, the second model directly deals with the business functions. It was decided that this is a better option and it is used in a fine-grained manner.
Even the second model can be done with Liferay's roles and permission. Whenever you want to render something in the portlet that requires some restricted audience, before rendering that you need to call
req.isUserInRole("roleNme"). This is compliant with the JSR too. The following are the disadvantages:
- Our business functionalities in an SOA deployment should not be governed by Liferay roles. Liferay could only be a single channel to access the business functions.
- We can achieve only the role based access control with this model.
Liferay, also has it's own way of permission checking, which is within a portlet via the PermissionChecker API. See here for more details on the PermissionChecker.
Our approach was to write a utility function called
hasPermission(). If you extend your portlet from
org.wso2.liferay.xacml.connector.SecuredGenericPortlet then this is automatically available to you. Alternatively you can directly call it through
AuthzChecker.hasPermission(). These functions are available from the
You can find all Jar dependencies from here and copy those to
The connection between the XACML connector deployed in Liferay and WSO2 XACML engine is through Thrift.
Using thrift in XACML calls
In order to use thrift in XACML calls, you must first enable the thrift service in the
<IS_HOME>/repository/conf/identity/identity.xml file. Set this to
You need to add following properties to the
Since by default Identity Server is using a self-signed certificate, either you have to import it's public certificate to the trust store of Liferay or set the following two properties in the
portal-ext.properties file pointing to the Identity Server's key store.
Please note that the above configuration is tested with Liferay 6.1.1 and WSO2 Identity 3.2.3/4.0.0.