This documentation is for WSO2 Identity Server 5.8.0 . View documentation for the latest release.

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Claim mapping for a service provider involves mapping claims that are used by the service provider to the claims local to the WSO2 Identity Server. For the occasions where a service provider needs some information of the user from the Identity Server where the service provider authenticates, the claim mapping is useful. Once the user is authenticated, the service provider can use these received claim details to provide its service.  See the Identity Server Architecture for more information on how claim mapping fits in to the overall scheme of things.

To register a service provider, do the following.

  1. Sign in. Enter your username and password to log on to the Management Console
  2. Navigate to the Main menu to access the Identity menu. Click Add under Service Providers.
  3. Fill in the Service Provider Name and provide a brief Description of the service provider. Only Service Provider Name is a required field.
  4. Click Register to add the new service provider.

Claim mapping

  1. In the Claim Configuration form, s elect the claim mapping dialect by either choosing to use a local claim dialect or define your own custom claim dialect.
    • If you choose to Use Local Claim Dialect, you need to fill in the following details.
      1. Fill in your requested claims by clicking the Add Claim URI button.
      2. Choose your Local Claim from the drop-down.  Select whether this claim is a Mandatory Claim for the Service Provider using the checkbox.
    • If you choose to Define Custom Claim Dialect, you need to do the following. 
      1. Add a custom claim URI by clicking on the Add Claim URI button. Clicking this button again enables you to map more claims.

      2. Add the Service Provider Claim and choose the corresponding Local Claim from the drop-down. Select whether you want the claim to be a Requested Claim and  whether this claim is a Mandatory Claim for the service provider, using the relevant checkboxes.

         Click to view vital information when configuring claims for an OpenID Connect Service Provider

        Note: When mapping custom claims for a service provider configured with OpenID Connect, ensure to map the custom claims in the SP configuration as seen in the screenshot above AND also add the custom claims to a scope value in the oidc file.

        Why?

        This is required because OpenIDConnect claim scopes are supported from WSO2 IS 5.2.0 onwards. This means that when you request for an OIDC token, you can specify a single scope value that is bound to a set of multiple claims. When that OIDC token is sent to the UserInfo endpoint, only the claims which are common in both the OIDC scope config file and the SP claim configuration (i.e., the intersection of claims in both these configurations) will be returned.

        To do this,

        1. Click on List under OIDC Scopes under the Manage section of the Main tab of the management console.
        2. Add the custom claims to the existing default scope openid by clicking on Add Claims. Alternatively, add a new scope for the custom claims by clicking on Add under OIDC Scopes and send the newly added scope along with the mandatory openid scope when getting the OIDC token.

        OIDC considers address as a JSON object. Therefore, if you want to pass an address using a different claim other than the address claim that is already available, you can do it using any of the following methods:

        In here we do not have to add values in complex object format. Just need to put values as street

        • Without using the address. prefix.
          For this, you need to register a scope named address in the WSO2 Identity Server's registry and add the value as the street or lane or any preferred value.
        • Create a new external claim using the address. prefix.
          Let's a look at how to create a new claim for the address. prefix.
          1. Click Add under Claims.
          2. Click Add External Claim.
          3. Select http://wso2.ord/oidc/claim as the value for Dialect URI.
          4. Enter address.street as the value for External Claim URI.

            You can enter any value with the prefix address., such as address.country, address.lane, and much more.

          5. Map the claim you are creating to any claim within WSO2 Identity server.
            For example, you can map it to http://wso2.org/claims/location.

        Now you can see the claim you created being listed. It is created as a JSON object in WSO2 Identity Server.

         Click to view vital information when configuring claims for an SAML2 Service Provider

        Note: When mapping custom claims for a service provider configured with SAML2, ensure to select both "Enable Attribute Profile" and " Include Attributes in the Response Always" from the SAML2 service provider configuration as follows.

        Why?

        This is required since Identity Server include user claims in the SAML2 response only if SAML2 attribute profile is enabled.

        Information on mapping claims

        The Local Claim list includes a set of standard claim values which are local to the WSO2 Identity Server. When adding a service provider, it is necessary to map the values of the claims local to the service provider with those provided in this drop-down list which are local to the Identity Server. This should be done for all values in the service provider unless they use the same claim name.

        Marking a claim as a Mandatory Claim would ensure that the WSO2 IS will definitely send a value for this claim to the service provider.  When a user logs into this service provider, if the identity provider does not provide a value for any of the mandatory claims, the user will be prompted to provide them at the time of login as shown in the image below.

         Expand for steps to test out mandatory claims

        Testing mandatory claims

        To test out mandatory claims,

        1. Configure the travelocity sample application by following the steps in the Configuring Single Sign-On topic.

        2. Configure a few claims and select the checkbox for mandatory claims.

        3. Ensure that there are one or more claims which are missing in the user profile of the user you wish to login with.

        4. Run the travelocity sample and try the SAML login.

        5. Log in with the user credentials of the user who has a few mandatory claims missing, and click Submit.
        6. A claim request will be prompted, Similiar to the image below. At this point, the mandatory claim rule is enforced and you cannot proceed without providing the necessary claim values. Provide the necessary claim values and click Submit.
        7. You will be successfully logged in to the application.

        Marking a mapped claim as a Requested Claim would ensure that the service provider definitely sends this claim to the Identity Server. This is useful particularly in cases where there are hundreds of claims and only specific ones need to be sent to the Identity Server.

        Collecting consent for requested and mandatory claims

        When the user is authenticated to the application, claims that are indicated as required and/or mandatory in this claim configuration form will be displayed in the consent request UI to prompt for the user’s consent. If a claim is indicated as a mandatory claim, it will be indicated with a red color asterix (*) when requesting consent. The user will not be able to proceed with authentication without providing consent for the mandatory claims.


        For more information about consent management during authentication, see Consent Management with Single-Sign-On.

  2. Select the Subject Claim URI and the Role Claim URI (for custom claims)from the drop-down. The claims you mapped are listed in the drop-down and you can choose among these claims.

    • Subject Claim URI defines the authenticated user identifier which will return with the authentication response to the service provider.
    • Role Claim URI defines the role claim for the service provider. This is useful if you use a different claim as the role claim or if you define a custom claim mapping for the service provider.

Caching service provider claims

If you want to cache claim data, be sure to add a cache configuration similar to the following under <CacheManager name="IdentityApplicationManagementCacheManager"> in the <IS_HOME>/repository/conf/identity/identity.xml file:

<Cache name="LocalClaimInvalidationCache" enable="true" timeout="300" capacity="5000" isDistributed="false"/>

Here, you need to specify values as follows:

  • timeout: The cache timeout value in seconds.
  • capacity: The maximum cache size.
  • isDistributed: Set this to false.
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