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  • Hierarchical Topics Subscriptions Sample

This documentation is for WSO2 Message Broker version 2.1.1. View documentation for the latest release.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     
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Objectives

WSO2 MB provides creation of hierarchical topics where users can add a child level topic under an existing topic in the hierarchy. With hierarchical topics the users have the choice of selecting whether they need to subscribe into a parent topic or some of the selected child topics under it.

There are two types of hierarchical topic subscriptions patterns supported by WSO2 MB. Using ' <TopicName>.* ' option will subscribe to the immediate child elements of the parent <TopicName> and the '<TopicName>.# ' option will be subscribing to both parent <TopicName> as well as to all the child topics under the parent.

Prerequisites

Install and run the WSO2 Message Broker using the instructions in section Installation Guide.

 

Create subscriptions to available hierarchical topic patterns

/*
*  Copyright (c) 2005-2010, WSO2 Inc. (http://www.wso2.org) All Rights Reserved.
*
*  WSO2 Inc. licenses this file to you under the Apache License,
*  Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not use this file except
*  in compliance with the License.
*  You may obtain a copy of the License at
*
*    http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
*
* Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing,
* software distributed under the License is distributed on an
* "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY
* KIND, either express or implied.  See the License for the
* specific language governing permissions and limitations
* under the License.
*/


import javax.jms.JMSException;
import javax.jms.Message;
import javax.jms.QueueSession;
import javax.jms.TextMessage;
import javax.jms.Topic;
import javax.jms.TopicConnection;
import javax.jms.TopicConnectionFactory;
import javax.jms.TopicSession;
import javax.jms.TopicSubscriber;
import javax.naming.Context;
import javax.naming.InitialContext;
import javax.naming.NamingException;
import java.util.Properties;

public class SampleHierarchicalTopicsClient{
    public static final String QPID_ICF = "org.wso2.andes.jndi.PropertiesFileInitialContextFactory";
    private static final String CF_NAME_PREFIX = "connectionfactory.";
    private static final String CF_NAME = "qpidConnectionfactory";
    String userName = "admin";
    String password = "admin";
    private static String CARBON_CLIENT_ID = "carbon";
    private static String CARBON_VIRTUAL_HOST_NAME = "carbon";
    private static String CARBON_DEFAULT_HOSTNAME = "localhost";
    private static String CARBON_DEFAULT_PORT = "5672";
    String topicName_1 = "WSO2";
    String topicName_2 = "WSO2.MB";
    String topicName_3 = "WSO2.*";
    String topicName_4 = "WSO2.#";

    public static void main(String[] args) throws NamingException, JMSException {
        SampleHierarchicalTopicsClient hierarchicalTopicsClient = new SampleHierarchicalTopicsClient();
        hierarchicalTopicsClient.subscribe();
    }

    public void subscribe() throws NamingException, JMSException {
        InitialContext ctx = init();
        // Lookup connection factory
        TopicConnectionFactory connFactory = (TopicConnectionFactory) ctx.lookup(CF_NAME);
        TopicConnection topicConnection = connFactory.createTopicConnection();
        topicConnection.start();
        TopicSession topicSession =
                topicConnection.createTopicSession(false, QueueSession.AUTO_ACKNOWLEDGE);

        Topic topic1 = topicSession.createTopic(topicName_1);
        Topic topic2 = topicSession.createTopic(topicName_2);
        Topic topic3 = (Topic) ctx.lookup(topicName_3);
        Topic topic4 = (Topic) ctx.lookup(topicName_4);
        TopicSubscriber topicSubscriber1 = topicSession.createSubscriber(topic3);
        TopicSubscriber topicSubscriber2 = topicSession.createSubscriber(topic4);
        
        // Receive messages
        Message message1;
        while ((message1 = topicSubscriber1.receive(5000)) != null){
            if (message1 instanceof TextMessage) {
                TextMessage textMessage = (TextMessage) message1;
                System.out.println("Got Message from subscriber1 => " + textMessage.getText());
            }
        }
        Message message2;
        while ((message2 = topicSubscriber2.receive(5000)) != null){
            if (message2 instanceof TextMessage) {
                TextMessage textMessage = (TextMessage) message2;
                System.out.println("Got Message from subscriber2 => " + textMessage.getText());
            }
        }
        
        topicSubscriber1.close();
        topicSubscriber2.close();
        topicSession.close();
        topicConnection.stop();
        topicConnection.close();
    }

    private InitialContext init() throws NamingException {
        Properties properties = new Properties();
        properties.put(Context.INITIAL_CONTEXT_FACTORY, QPID_ICF);
        properties.put(CF_NAME_PREFIX + CF_NAME, getTCPConnectionURL(userName, password));
        properties.put("topic."+topicName_3,topicName_3);
        properties.put("topic."+topicName_4,topicName_4);
        return new InitialContext(properties);
    }

    private String getTCPConnectionURL(String username, String password) {
        // amqp://{username}:{password}@carbon/carbon?brokerlist='tcp://{hostname}:{port}'
        return new StringBuffer()
                .append("amqp://").append(username).append(":").append(password)
                .append("@").append(CARBON_CLIENT_ID)
                .append("/").append(CARBON_VIRTUAL_HOST_NAME)
                .append("?brokerlist='tcp://").append(CARBON_DEFAULT_HOSTNAME).append(":").append(CARBON_DEFAULT_PORT).append("'")
                .toString();
    }
}

Publish a message to each parent and child topic

/*
*  Copyright (c) 2005-2010, WSO2 Inc. (http://www.wso2.org) All Rights Reserved.
*
*  WSO2 Inc. licenses this file to you under the Apache License,
*  Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not use this file except
*  in compliance with the License.
*  You may obtain a copy of the License at
*
*    http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
*
* Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing,
* software distributed under the License is distributed on an
* "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY
* KIND, either express or implied.  See the License for the
* specific language governing permissions and limitations
* under the License.
*/

import javax.jms.JMSException;
import javax.jms.QueueSession;
import javax.jms.TextMessage;
import javax.jms.Topic;
import javax.jms.TopicConnection;
import javax.jms.TopicConnectionFactory;
import javax.jms.TopicSession;
import javax.naming.Context;
import javax.naming.InitialContext;
import javax.naming.NamingException;
import java.util.Properties;

public class TopicPublisher {
    public static final String QPID_ICF = "org.wso2.andes.jndi.PropertiesFileInitialContextFactory";
    private static final String CF_NAME_PREFIX = "connectionfactory.";
    private static final String CF_NAME = "qpidConnectionfactory";
    String userName = "admin";
    String password = "admin";
    private static String CARBON_CLIENT_ID = "carbon";
    private static String CARBON_VIRTUAL_HOST_NAME = "carbon";
    private static String CARBON_DEFAULT_HOSTNAME = "localhost";
    private static String CARBON_DEFAULT_PORT = "5672";
    String topicName_1 = "WSO2";
    String topicName_2 = "WSO2.MB";

    public static void main(String[] args) throws NamingException, JMSException {
        TopicPublisher topicPublisher = new TopicPublisher();
        topicPublisher.publishMessage();
    }
    public void publishMessage() throws NamingException, JMSException {

        InitialContext ctx = init();
        // Lookup connection factory
        TopicConnectionFactory connFactory = (TopicConnectionFactory) ctx.lookup(CF_NAME);
        TopicConnection topicConnection = connFactory.createTopicConnection();
        topicConnection.start();
        TopicSession topicSession =
                topicConnection.createTopicSession(false, QueueSession.AUTO_ACKNOWLEDGE);
        Topic topic1 = (Topic) ctx.lookup(topicName_1);
        Topic topic2 = (Topic) ctx.lookup(topicName_2);
        javax.jms.TopicPublisher topicPublisher1 = topicSession.createPublisher(topic1);
        javax.jms.TopicPublisher topicPublisher2 = topicSession.createPublisher(topic2);

        // Create the messages to send
        TextMessage textMessage1 = topicSession.createTextMessage("Message for WSO2");
        TextMessage textMessage2 = topicSession.createTextMessage("Message for WSO2.MB");
        topicPublisher1.publish(textMessage1);
        topicPublisher2.publish(textMessage2);
        topicSession.close();
        topicConnection.close();
    }

    private InitialContext init() throws NamingException {
        Properties properties = new Properties();
        properties.put(Context.INITIAL_CONTEXT_FACTORY, QPID_ICF);
        properties.put(CF_NAME_PREFIX + CF_NAME, getTCPConnectionURL(userName, password));
        properties.put("topic."+topicName_1,topicName_1);
        properties.put("topic."+topicName_2,topicName_2);
        return new InitialContext(properties);
    }

    private String getTCPConnectionURL(String username, String password) {
        // amqp://{username}:{password}@carbon/carbon?brokerlist='tcp://{hostname}:{port}'
        return new StringBuffer()
                .append("amqp://").append(username).append(":").append(password)
                .append("@").append(CARBON_CLIENT_ID)
                .append("/").append(CARBON_VIRTUAL_HOST_NAME)
                .append("?brokerlist='tcp://").append(CARBON_DEFAULT_HOSTNAME).append(":").append(CARBON_DEFAULT_PORT).append("'")
                .toString();
    }
}

According to the above sample topicSubscriber1 is listening on pattern "WSO2.*" where it receives only the messages published to all the child elements under the parent topic '' WSO2 ". As the topicSubscriber2 listens on pattern "WSO2.#" it receives both the messages published for parent topic ' WSO2 ' as well as to its child topics like MB etc. Hence topicSubscriber1 only receives 1 message while the topicSubscriber2 receives 2 messages.

 

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