This documentation is for WSO2 API Manager 1.9.0. View documentation for the latest release.

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  • APIAuthenticationHandler: Validates the OAuth2 bearer token used to invoke the API. It also determines whether the token is of type Production or Sandbox and sets MessageContext variables as appropriate. 
  • APIThrottleHandler: Throttles requests based on the throttling policy specified by the policyKey property. Throttling is applied both at the application level as well as subscription level.
  • APIMgtUsageHandler: Publishes events to BAM for collection and analysis of statistics. This handler only comes to effect if API usage tracking is enabled. See Publishing API Runtime Statistics for more information.
  • APIMgtGoogleAnalyticsTrackingHandler: Publishes events to Google Analytics. This handler only comes into effect if Google analytics tracking is enabled. See Integrating with Google Analytics for more information.
  • APIManagerExtensionHandler: Triggers extension sequences. By default, the extension handler is listed at last in the handler chain, and therefore is executed last. You cannot change the order in which the handlers are executed, except the extension handler. To configure the API Gateway to execute extension handler first, uncomment the <ExtensionHandlerPosition> section in the <APIMthe <ExtensionHandlerPosition> section in the <APIM_HOME>/repository/conf/api-manager.xml file and xml file and provide the value topvalue top. This is useful when you want to execute your own extensions before our default handlers in situations like  doing additional security checks such as signature verification on access tokens before executing the default security handler.  
    See Adding Mediation Extensions.


Engaging the custom handler

You can engage the a custom handler per API or to all APIs at once . To or only to selected APIs. 

To engage to all APIs, the recommended approach is to add it to the <APIM_HOME>/repository/resources/api_templates/velocity_template.xml fileFor example, the following code segment adds the custom authentication handler that you wrote earlier to the velocity_template.xml file while making sure that it skips the default APIAuthenticationHandler implementation:

Code Block
<handler class="org.wso2.carbon.apimgt.custom.authentication.handler.CustomAPIAuthenticationHandler" />
       #foreach($handler in $handlers)
          #if(!($handler.className == ""))
           <handler xmlns="" class="$handler.className">
                #set ($map = $handler.getProperties() )
                #foreach($property in $map.entrySet())
                    <property name="$!property.key" value="$!property.value"/>


 Given below is how to engage handlers to a single API, by editing its source view.