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Managing the attributes of a user
The following are the three main ways to view, add, edit and delete attributes of a user in the product.
- By accessing the profile of the user and changing the attributes using the Management Console.
- Log into the product's Management Console.
- On the Configure tab in the Management Console, click Users and Roles.
- Click Users. This link is only visible to users with the Admin role.
- From the list of users that appear in the resulting page, identify the user whose attributes you want to modify and click User Profile.
- Click Update to save changes to the attributes.
You can use the
RemoteUserStoreManagerServiceAPI. This is a SOAP-based API and is very easy to use. Supposing you want to set a user attribute, you can call the following method.
setUserClaimValue("username", "http://wso2.org/claims/emailaddress", "firstname.lastname@example.org", null)
Here “is the claim URI that has been mapped with the user store’s email attribute. The last parameter is profile, we can just pass “null”, as there is only one profile. You can retrieve the user attribute value as follows.
getUserClaimValue("username", "http://wso2.org/claims/emailaddress", null)
- You can use the REST Web service according to the SCIM provisioning specification.
Claim mapping when using multiple user stores
When you are using more than one user store, you must map the attributes correctly using claim management. Under “Mapped Attribute(s)” you need to follow the pattern.
Attributes with multiple values
If your user store supports having multiple values for attributes, the WSO2 product can view, add, update or delete them (normally LDAP/AD offer support for this). The following are the different ways you can do this.
In the product's Management Console, multiple attribute values are separated by comma. If you want to update two email addresses using the user profile UI, you must provide it as follows.
See the following screen for how this will look in the user interface of the product's Management Console.
When using the
RemoteUserStoreManagerServiceAPI, call it as follows.
setUserClaimValue("username", "http://wso2.org/claims/emailaddress", "email@example.com,firstname.lastname@example.org", null)
The GET results are returned in the form of comma separated values for the attribute.
The following screen shows how this looks in the LDAP.
Writing custom attributes
Supposing the attributes of a user are stored in both the user store (LDAP) and another location (JDBC table), the product needs to retrieve/add the user’s attribute in both these places. In scenarios like this, some customization must be done. To customize this, you can simply extend the current user store manager implementation and write a custom implementation to do it. In the custom user store implementation, you only need to extend the following three methods that help to retrieve/add a user attribute. Other methods can be kept as they are.
public Map<String, String> getUserPropertyValues(String userName, String propertyNames, String profileName) throws UserStoreException
protected abstract void doSetUserClaimValue(String userName, String claimURI, String claimValue, String profileName) throws UserStoreException;
protected abstract void doSetUserClaimValues(String userName, Map<String, String> claims, String profileName) throws UserStoreException;
Authentication using multiple attributes
In a user store, each user has different attributes such as uid, cn, email and so on. Some of the attributes can be unique. As an example, normally uid and mail can be unique attributes for user.
- Configure the LDAP user store related configurations using the user-mgt.xml file found in the
UserNameSearchFilterthat helps to search for the user object in the LDAP using both mail and uid attributes.
UserDNPatternproperty, if it is currently enabled.
- The mail attribute has requirements that are unique. If you are using the mail attribute, you need to open the carbon.xml file found in the
<PRODUCT_HOME>/repository/confdirectory and uncomment the following.
If you want to work with multiple attributes (basically to retrieve internal roles with multiple attributes), you must add following property in the
- To test this, restart the product and try to log in to the Management Console by providing both the mail and uid with the same password.
Customizing the claim for the user attribute
If you are using multiple attribute authentication and want to customize the claim to be used for user name attribute, do the following.