- Sign in. Enter your username and password to log on to the Management Console.
- Navigate to the Main menu to access the Identity menu. Click Add under Identity Providers.
Fill in the details in the Basic Information section.
Note the following when filling the above form.
Field Description Sample Value Identity Provider Name
The Identity Provider Name must be unique as it is used as the primary identifier of the identity provider.
FacebookIdP Display Name
The Display Name is used to identify the identity provider. If this is left blank, the Identity Provider Name is used. This is used in the login page when selecting the identity provider that you wish to use to log in to the service provider.
Description The Description is added in the list of identity providers to provide more information on what the identity provider is. This is particularly useful in situations where there are many identity providers configured and a description is required to differentiate and identify them. This is the identity provider configuration for Facebook. Federation Hub Identity Provider
Select the Federation Hub Identity Provider check-box to indicate if this points to an identity provider that acts as a federation hub. A federation hub is an identity provider that has multiple identity providers configured to it and can redirect users to the correct identity provider depending on their Home Realm identifier or their Identity Provider Name. When we have this check-box selected additional window will pop-up in the multi-option page in the first identity server to get the home realm identifier for the desired identity provider in the identity provider hub.
Selected Home Realm Identifier
The Home Realm Identifier value can be specified in each federated IDP and can send the Home Realm Identifier value as the “fidp” query parameter (e.g., fidp=googleIdp) in the authentication request by the service provider. Then WSO2 Identity Server finds the IDP related to the “fidp” value and redirects the end user to the IDP directly rather than showing the SSO login page. By using this, you can avoid multi-option, in a multi-option scenario without redirecting to the multi-option page.
FB Identity Provider Public Certificate
The Identity Provider Public Certificate is the public certificate belonging to the identity provider. Uploading this is necessary to authenticate the response from the identity provider. See Using Asymmetric Encryption in the WSO2 Product Administration Guide for more information on how public keys work and how to sign these keys by a certification authority.
This can be any certificate. If the identity provider is another Identity Server, this can be a wso2.crt file.
Note: To create the Identity Provider Certificate, open your Command Line interface, traverse to the
<IS_HOME>/repository/resources/security/directory. Next you must execute the following command.
keytool -export -alias wso2carbon -file wso2.crt -keystore wso2carbon.jks -storepass wso2carbon
Once this command is run, the wso2.crt file is generated and can be found in the
<IS_HOME>/repository/resources/security/directory. Click Choose File and navigate to this location in order to obtain and upload this file.See Using Asymmetric Encryption in the WSO2 Product Administration Guide for more information.
The Alias is a value that has an equivalent value specified in the identity provider that we are configuring. This is required for authentication in some scenarios.
http://localhost:9443/oauth2/token Expand title Click here for more information on the federation hub and the home realm identifier Info title About the federation hub and the home realm identifier
The federation hub has multiple identity providers configured to it. In a typical federation hub with multiple identity providers, each identity provider can have a unique home realm identifier that can be used to identify the identity provider you are logging into.
So when a user tries to log in to a service provider following flow will happen,
- The Identity Server which this service provider is configured on will find the required federated authenticator from the service provider configuration
- If this Identity Provider configured as a federation hub, the user can specify the preferred identity provider in the federation hub using the multi-option page of the first Identity Server.
- This information will pass with the authentication request to the federation hub.
- When the request comes to the federation hub, it is sent to the identity provider that the user specifies from the first identity server. For instance, if the users prefer to use their Facebook credentials to log in, and Facebook is one of the identity providers configured in the federation hub, the user simply has to specify Facebook as the domain in the login screen of first Identity Server.
When the Home Realm Identifier is not specified, you can either select the domain name from a dropdown in the login page, or you have to enter the domain value in a separate page prior to logging in. This can be configured as explained below.
ProxyModeconfiguration allows the framework to operate in either
smartmode, both local and federated authentication is supported, while in
dumbmode, only federated authentication is supported. If
dumbmode is configured here, you must provide the Home Realm Identifier, or you have to display a separate screen to the user to get it.
If smart mode is configured, the default behavior applies, where you can enter a local username and password, or use federated authenticators for authentication.
Expand title Click here for more information on the Alias Info title About the Alias
The Alias is used in the following authentication scenario.
Here a SAML identity provider sends a SAML token to a web application for authentication. The SAML token has an audience restriction element that controls access and has a reference to the web application in order to access it. Using this token, the authentication takes place. Now, if the web application needs to access an API that is protected by OAuth 2.0, the same SAML token is sent to the token endpoint of the Identity Server. The Alias value you configure in the Identity Server is associated with this token endpoint. This alias value must be added to the audience restriction element of the SAML token. When this SAML token is sent to the Identity Server, you obtain an access token, which is used to access the API.
So in order to configure this, you must add the SAML identity provider as an identity provider in the Identity Server using the instructions in this topic. When configuring this in the Identity Server, you must specify the token alias for this scenario to work. This indicates that any token coming from the SAML identity provider must have this alias value in the audience restriction element.
- Enter the Identity Provider Name and provide a brief Description of the identity provider. Only Identity Provider Name is a required field.
Fill in the remaining details where applicable. Click the arrow buttons to expand the forms available to update.
Expand title Click here for details on how to configure claims Include Page Configuring Claims for an Identity Provider Configuring Claims for an Identity Provider Expand title Click here for details on how to configure roles Include Page Configuring Roles for an Identity Provider Configuring Roles for an Identity Provider Expand title Click here for details on how to configure federated authenticators Include Page Configuring Federated Authentication Configuring Federated Authentication Expand title Click here for details on how to configure just-in-time provisioning Include Page Configuring Just-In-Time Provisioning for an Identity Provider Configuring Just-In-Time Provisioning for an Identity Provider Expand title Click here for details on how to configure outbound provisioning connectors Include Page Configuring Outbound Provisioning Connectors for an Identity Provider Configuring Outbound Provisioning Connectors for an Identity Provider
- Click Register to add the Identity Provider.
Configuring a resident identity provider
WSO2 Identity Server can mediate authentication requests between service providers and identity providers. At the same time, the Identity Server itself can act as a service provider and an identity provider. When it acts as an identity provider it is known as the resident identity provider.
The resident identity provider configuration is very relevant for you if you are a service provider and want to send an authentication request or a provisioning request to the Identity Server (say via SAML, OpenID Connect, SCIM, and WS-Trust). See Configuring WS-Trust Security Token Service for an example of how resident identity provider is used to implement security token service.
Resident identity provider configuration is a one time configuration for a given tenant. It basically shows you the Identity Server's metadata, like the endpoints. In addition to the metadata, you can configure this if you want to secure the WS-Trust endpoint with a security policy.
Follow the instructions below to configure a resident identity provider.
- Sign in. Enter your username and password to log on to the Management Console.
In the Main menu under the Identity section, click Resident under Identity Providers.
The Resident Identity Provider page appears.
Enter a Home Realm Identifier for the resident identity provider. You can enter multiple identifiers as a comma separated list.
This value is essentially the domain name of the identity provider. If you do not enter a value here, when an authentication request comes to the Identity Server, a page is displayed prompting the user to specify a domain.
Idle Session Time Out : This represents the idle session time out for SSO sessions. The default value is set to 15min which means that if Identity Server does not receive any SSO authentication request for 15min for a given user SSO session would be timeout. You can configure the idle time out value.
Remember Me Period : You can tick on the Remember Me option in Identity Server login page if you need to make remember the SSO session. You can define an expiry time for this remembrance period by configuring Remember Me Period . This is configurable and the default time is 2 weeks.
- Configure inbound authentication if required. This is not mandatory for creating a resident identity provider.
Set the Identity Provider Entity Id under SAML2 Web SSO Configuration. Specifying this gives the tenant identification, so any users provisioned through this tenant can be identified as such.
Configure the Security Token Service (STS). You can configure this if you want to secure the WS-Trust endpoint with a security policy.
- Click Update.
- Click Ok to the confirmation message that appears.
Note the following information regarding the URLs on this screen.
You can modify the host nameoftheseURLs by changing the value in the
<IS_HOME>/repository/conf/carbon.xml file using the following configuration.
Once you update the host nameinthecarbon.xml file, change the URL to reflect the new hostname in the
The above URL is used for destination validation of the SAML request. The Identity Server compares the value of the "destination" inside the SAML request with the URL in the above configuration. This is done to ensure that the correct application is communicating with the right identity provider.
You can add multiple destination URLs for Identity Server using the Resident Identity Provider UI under "SAML2 Web SSO Configuration". This feature is useful when some SPs directly connect to the IS and some SPs connect through a proxy server.
- SSO URL:
https://localhost:9443/samlssoThe SAML SSO endpoint of the IdentityProfivder.
- Logout URL:
Theend point of theIdentityPorvider that accepts SAML log out requests.
- Authorization Endpoint URL:
https://localhost:9443/oauth2/authzThe Identity Provider's OAuth2/OpenID Connect authorization endpoint URL.
- Token Endpoint URL:
https://localhost:9443/oauth2/tokenThe Identity Providers token endpoint URL.
- User Info Endpoint URL:
https://localhost:9443/oauth2/tokenTheend point of the Identity Provider that is used to get the information of the users. Theinformation is gathered by passing an access token.
- SCIM User Endpoint:
The Identity Provider's endpoint for SCIM user operations, such as creating and managing users
- SCIM Group Endpoint:
- The Identity Provider's endpoint for the SCIM user role operations, such as creating roles, assigning users to roles and managing roles.
Exporting SAML2 metadata of the resident IdP
To configure WSO2 Identity Server as a trusted identity provider in a service provider application, export the SAML2 metadata of the resident identity provider of WSO2 IS and import the metadata to the relevant service provider.
Use one of the following approaches to do this.
metadata.xml file to the relevant service provider to configure WSO2 Identity Server as a trusted identity provider for your application.
Managing identity providers