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The WSO2 API Manager when in use, will store metadata and runtime data in its connected databases. For e.g., APIs, applications, subscriptions, and tokens created by users will be stored. Metadata related to applications and APIs are not been written to the databases frequently. However, since runtime data depends on different attributes such as the number of users, number of connected applications, and usage patterns, having a considerable load on the system will result in runtime data accumulating slowly over time. This will result in high data growth of the tables and in return negatively impact the system's performance.

Invalid access tokens, revoked access tokens, registry transaction-related logs, authorization codes, and user sessions are some of the runtime data that gets stored in these databases. A careful analysis of this data shows us that we do not always need to keep this data, other than for audit purposes. Hence, this data could be cleaned up periodically.

WSO2 API Manager provides two methods to do the cleanup.

Regular Cleaning

This cleanup is done within the product. It cleans up unused token related data during the runtime. This is an event-based cleaning where specific entries based on specific user actions are cleaned. For e.g., when an access token is revoked, this revoked token is taken from the access token table and put into the IDN_OAUTH2_ACCESS_TOKEN_AUDIT table. In addition to revoked tokens, inactive and expired tokens also accumulate in this table. This table is not used by the WSO2 API-M. These tokens are kept in the database for logging and audit purposes, but they can have a negative impact on the server's performance over time. Therefore, it is recommended to clean them.

From 2.6.0 onwards, WSO2 API Manager is configured by default to trigger token clean up during token generation, token refreshing, and token revocation. Therefore, when the state of the token (`TOKEN_STATE`) is changed during any of the latter mentioned processes for tokens that were in the `ACTIVE` state before, by default, such tokens will be removed from the IDN_OAUTH2_ACCESS_TOKEN table and stored in an audit table (IDN_OAUTH2_ACCESS_TOKEN_AUDIT). Thus you don't need to manually clean up the unused tokens as guided below from API-M 2.6.0 onwards.


Configuring API Manager for token cleanup

WSO2 API Manager triggers token cleanup during the following instances.

  • Token generation

  • Token refresh

  • Token revocation

To enable token cleanup, open the <API-M_HOME>/repository/conf/identity/identity.xml file and do the following changes.

<!-- token cleanup feature config-->
<TokenCleanup>
    <!-- old access token cleaning feature  -->
    <EnableTokenCleanup>true</EnableTokenCleanup>
    <!-- old access token will be retain in audit table  -->
    <RetainOldAccessToken>true</RetainOldAccessToken>
</TokenCleanup>

Property

Description

<EnableTokenCleanup>

Set this property to true to enable token cleanup.

Set it to false to disable token cleanup.

<RetainOldAccessToken>

Set this property to true to move the old, invalid tokens to the Audit table when token cleaning is enabled.

Set it to false if you do not wish to store old tokens in the Audit table.


Deep Cleaning

In this cleaning method, all the remaining token data, session data, and registry data can be cleaned up using separate stored procedures for each. The unused data is periodically analyzed and removed through a stored procedure that runs against the database. In a deep cleaning, each and every record is checked for the validity of the data. If unused or old data is detected, the stored procedure will clean them. There are three stored procedures provided that could be used to do the following three cleanups.

1. Token cleanup
2. Session cleanup
3. Registry cleanup

While the regular cleanup is good for regular housekeeping a hybrid approach is recommended for a production environment that removes all unused token, session, and registry data. While the regular cleanup will slow down unused token growth, deep cleaning will take care of the leftover unused data and prevent the tables from continuously growing, impacting performance.

Enable deep cleaning (token, session, and registry cleanup)

This will remove the old and invalid tokens, sessions and auth codes, which cannot be cleaned by the products inbuilt cleanup process.

Tip: It is safe to run these steps in read-only mode or during a time when traffic on the server is low, but that is not mandatory.

  1. Take a backup of the running database. 

  2. Set up the database dump in a test environment and test it for any issues.

    For more information on setting up a database dump, go to the MySQL, SQL Server, and Oracle official documentation.

    Tip: We recommend you to test the database dump before the cleanup task as the cleanup can take some time.

  3. Depending on your database, select the appropriate token cleanup script from here and run it on the database dump. This takes a backup of the necessary tables, turns off SQL updates, and cleans the database of unused tokens.

    Select the `token-cleanup` script to clean up the tokens, the `sessiondata-cleanup` script to cleanup the session data and the `registry-cleanup` script to clean up the registry unused data.

  4. Once the cleanup is over, start the API Manager pointing to the cleaned-up database dump and test thoroughly for any issues. 
    You can also schedule a cleanup task that will automatically run after a given period of time. Here's an example:

    USE 'WSO2AM_DB';
    DROP EVENT IF EXISTS 'cleanup_tokens_event';
    CREATE EVENT 'cleanup_tokens_event'
        ON SCHEDULE
          EVERY 1 WEEK STARTS '2018-01-01 00:00.00'
        DO
          CALL 'WSO2AM_DB'.'cleanup_tokens'();
    
    -- 'Turn on the event_scheduler'
    SET GLOBAL event_scheduler = ON;
    USE WSO2AM_DB ;  
    GO  
    -- Creates a schedule named CleanupTask.   
    -- Jobs that use this schedule execute every day when the time on the server is 01:00.   
    EXEC sp_add_schedule  
        @schedule_name = N'CleanupTask' ,  
        @freq_type = 4,  
        @freq_interval = 1,  
        @active_start_time = 010000 ;  
    GO  
    -- attaches the schedule to the job BackupDatabase  
    EXEC sp_attach_schedule  
       @job_name = N'BackupDatabase',  
       @schedule_name = N'CleanupTask' ;  
    GO

    Replace WSO2AM_DB with the name of your API Manager database in the above script.

Registry database cleanup

Creating and updating APIs, adding tags and ratings cause different registry properties to be added to the Registry database(Registry DB) in WSO2 API-M. When Registry Versioning is enabled, older properties are persisted in the database leading to unnecessary record growth in the Registry tables in the database. This directly affects the performance of the product if the number of records increase beyond a certain amount. Due to this limitation, registry versioning is disabled by default in WSO2 API Manager 3.0.0 onwards to prevent unnecessary database growth.

In WSO2 API-M versions preceding 3.0.0 (2.x.x and 1.x.x), Registry Versioning is enabled by default, therefore we have to cleanup the Registry DB if there are large tables with millions of records.

You can cleanup the following tables in the Registry DB without affecting the functionality of the product.

  • REG_LOG
  • REG_PROPERTY
  • REG_RESOURCE_PROPERTY
  • REG_TAG
  • REG_RESOURCE_TAG


You can always take a backup of the Registry database before the cleanup as a precaution for any issues that might occur during cleanup.

Before you begin

Remember to shut down the server and stop any DB transactions before the database cleanup. This is to prevent any inconsistencies that could happen with new data that gets added to the DB during the cleanup.


The Cleanup scripts for the Registry DB tables are given below.

REG_LOG Table Cleanup

DB Types: H2, DB2, MySQL, MSSQL, Oracle and Postgresql
CREATE TABLE REG_LOG_IDS_TO_KEEP (
REG_LOG_ID INTEGER,
REG_TENANT_ID INTEGER
);

INSERT INTO REG_LOG_IDS_TO_KEEP (REG_LOG_ID, REG_TENANT_ID)
SELECT MAX(REG_LOG_ID) AS REG_LOG_ID, REG_TENANT_ID FROM REG_LOG GROUP BY REG_PATH, REG_TENANT_ID;

DELETE FROM REG_LOG WHERE REG_LOG_ID NOT IN (SELECT REG_LOG_ID FROM REG_LOG_IDS_TO_KEEP);
DROP TABLE REG_LOG_IDS_TO_KEEP;

DELETE FROM REG_LOG WHERE REG_ACTION = 7;


REG_PROPERTY and REG_RESOURCE_PROPERTY Table Cleanup

DB types: H2, MSSQL and Postgresql
CREATE TABLE TEMP_REG_RESOURCE_PROPERTY_ID(REG_PROPERTY_ID INTEGER);

-- Extract resource property (ID) created when versioning is disabled --

INSERT INTO TEMP_REG_RESOURCE_PROPERTY_ID(REG_PROPERTY_ID)
SELECT REG_PROPERTY_ID
FROM REG_RESOURCE_PROPERTY
WHERE REG_PATH_ID IN
    (SELECT REG_PATH_ID
        FROM REG_RESOURCE);

-- Extract resource property (ID) created when versioning is enabled --

INSERT INTO TEMP_REG_RESOURCE_PROPERTY_ID(REG_PROPERTY_ID)
SELECT REG_PROPERTY_ID
FROM REG_RESOURCE_PROPERTY
WHERE REG_VERSION IN
    (SELECT REG_VERSION
        FROM REG_RESOURCE);

-- Drop the foreign key constraint --

ALTER TABLE REG_RESOURCE_PROPERTY DROP CONSTRAINT REG_RESOURCE_PROPERTY_FK_BY_TAG_ID;

-- delete all unwanted REG_RESOURCE_PROPERTY entries --

DELETE
FROM REG_RESOURCE_PROPERTY
WHERE REG_PROPERTY_ID NOT IN
    (SELECT REG_PROPERTY_ID
    FROM TEMP_REG_RESOURCE_PROPERTY_ID);

-- delete all unwanted REG_PROPERTY entries --

DELETE
FROM REG_PROPERTY
WHERE REG_ID NOT IN
    (SELECT REG_PROPERTY_ID
    FROM TEMP_REG_RESOURCE_PROPERTY_ID);

-- Insert back the foreign key constraint --

ALTER TABLE REG_RESOURCE_PROPERTY ADD CONSTRAINT REG_RESOURCE_PROPERTY_FK_BY_TAG_ID FOREIGN KEY (REG_PROPERTY_ID, REG_TENANT_ID) REFERENCES REG_PROPERTY (REG_ID, REG_TENANT_ID);

-- drop temporary table --

DROP TABLE TEMP_REG_RESOURCE_PROPERTY_ID;
DB types: MySQL
CREATE TABLE TEMP_REG_RESOURCE_PROPERTY_ID(REG_PROPERTY_ID INTEGER);

-- Extract resource property (ID) created when versioning is disabled --

INSERT INTO TEMP_REG_RESOURCE_PROPERTY_ID(REG_PROPERTY_ID)
SELECT REG_PROPERTY_ID
FROM REG_RESOURCE_PROPERTY
WHERE REG_PATH_ID IN
    (SELECT REG_PATH_ID
        FROM REG_RESOURCE);

-- Extract resource property (ID) created when versioning is enabled --

INSERT INTO TEMP_REG_RESOURCE_PROPERTY_ID(REG_PROPERTY_ID)
SELECT REG_PROPERTY_ID
FROM REG_RESOURCE_PROPERTY
WHERE REG_VERSION IN
    (SELECT REG_VERSION
        FROM REG_RESOURCE);

-- Drop the foreign key constraint --

ALTER TABLE REG_RESOURCE_PROPERTY DROP FOREIGN KEY REG_RESOURCE_PROPERTY_FK_BY_TAG_ID;

-- delete all unwanted REG_RESOURCE_PROPERTY entries --

DELETE
FROM REG_RESOURCE_PROPERTY
WHERE REG_PROPERTY_ID NOT IN
    (SELECT REG_PROPERTY_ID
    FROM TEMP_REG_RESOURCE_PROPERTY_ID);

-- delete all unwanted REG_PROPERTY entries --

DELETE
FROM REG_PROPERTY
WHERE REG_ID NOT IN
    (SELECT REG_PROPERTY_ID
    FROM TEMP_REG_RESOURCE_PROPERTY_ID);

-- Insert back the foreign key constraint --

ALTER TABLE REG_RESOURCE_PROPERTY ADD CONSTRAINT REG_RESOURCE_PROPERTY_FK_BY_TAG_ID FOREIGN KEY (REG_PROPERTY_ID, REG_TENANT_ID) REFERENCES REG_PROPERTY (REG_ID, REG_TENANT_ID);

-- drop temporary table --

DROP TABLE TEMP_REG_RESOURCE_PROPERTY_ID;
DB types: DB2 and Oracle
CREATE TABLE TEMP_REG_RESOURCE_PROPERTY_ID(REG_PROPERTY_ID INTEGER);

-- Extract resource property (ID) created when versioning is disabled --

INSERT INTO TEMP_REG_RESOURCE_PROPERTY_ID(REG_PROPERTY_ID)
SELECT REG_PROPERTY_ID
FROM REG_RESOURCE_PROPERTY
WHERE REG_PATH_ID IN
    (SELECT REG_PATH_ID
        FROM REG_RESOURCE);

-- Extract resource property (ID) created when versioning is enabled --

INSERT INTO TEMP_REG_RESOURCE_PROPERTY_ID(REG_PROPERTY_ID)
SELECT REG_PROPERTY_ID
FROM REG_RESOURCE_PROPERTY
WHERE REG_VERSION IN
    (SELECT REG_VERSION
        FROM REG_RESOURCE);

-- delete all unwanted REG_RESOURCE_PROPERTY entries --

DELETE
FROM REG_RESOURCE_PROPERTY
WHERE REG_PROPERTY_ID NOT IN
    (SELECT REG_PROPERTY_ID
    FROM TEMP_REG_RESOURCE_PROPERTY_ID);

-- delete all unwanted REG_PROPERTY entries --

DELETE
FROM REG_PROPERTY
WHERE REG_ID NOT IN
    (SELECT REG_PROPERTY_ID
    FROM TEMP_REG_RESOURCE_PROPERTY_ID);

-- drop temporary table --

DROP TABLE TEMP_REG_RESOURCE_PROPERTY_ID;


REG_TAG and REG_RESOURCE_TAG Table Cleanup

DB types: H2, MSSQL and Postgresql
CREATE TABLE TEMP_REG_RESOURCE_TAG_ID(REG_TAG_ID INTEGER);

-- Extract resource tag (ID) created when versioning is disabled --

INSERT INTO TEMP_REG_RESOURCE_TAG_ID(REG_TAG_ID)
SELECT REG_TAG_ID
FROM REG_RESOURCE_TAG
WHERE REG_PATH_ID IN
    (SELECT REG_PATH_ID
        FROM REG_RESOURCE);

-- Extract resource tag (ID) created when versioning is enabled --

INSERT INTO TEMP_REG_RESOURCE_TAG_ID(REG_TAG_ID)
SELECT REG_TAG_ID
FROM REG_RESOURCE_TAG
WHERE REG_VERSION IN
    (SELECT REG_VERSION
        FROM REG_RESOURCE);

-- Remove the foreign key constraint --

ALTER TABLE REG_RESOURCE_TAG DROP CONSTRAINT REG_RESOURCE_TAG_FK_BY_TAG_ID;

-- delete all unwanted REG_RESOURCE_TAG entries --

DELETE
FROM REG_RESOURCE_TAG
WHERE REG_TAG_ID NOT IN
    (SELECT REG_TAG_ID
    FROM TEMP_REG_RESOURCE_TAG_ID);

-- delete all unwanted REG_TAG entries --

DELETE
FROM REG_TAG
WHERE REG_ID NOT IN
    (SELECT REG_TAG_ID
    FROM TEMP_REG_RESOURCE_TAG_ID);

-- add the foreign key constraint back --

ALTER TABLE REG_RESOURCE_TAG ADD CONSTRAINT REG_RESOURCE_TAG_FK_BY_TAG_ID FOREIGN KEY (REG_TAG_ID, REG_TENANT_ID) REFERENCES REG_TAG (REG_ID, REG_TENANT_ID);

-- drop temporary table --

DROP TABLE TEMP_REG_RESOURCE_TAG_ID;
DB types: MySQL
CREATE TABLE TEMP_REG_RESOURCE_TAG_ID(REG_TAG_ID INTEGER);

-- Extract resource tag (ID) created when versioning is disabled --

INSERT INTO TEMP_REG_RESOURCE_TAG_ID(REG_TAG_ID)
SELECT REG_TAG_ID
FROM REG_RESOURCE_TAG
WHERE REG_PATH_ID IN
    (SELECT REG_PATH_ID
        FROM REG_RESOURCE);

-- Extract resource tag (ID) created when versioning is enabled --

INSERT INTO TEMP_REG_RESOURCE_TAG_ID(REG_TAG_ID)
SELECT REG_TAG_ID
FROM REG_RESOURCE_TAG
WHERE REG_VERSION IN
    (SELECT REG_VERSION
        FROM REG_RESOURCE);

-- Remove the foreign key constraint --

ALTER TABLE REG_RESOURCE_TAG DROP FOREIGN KEY REG_RESOURCE_TAG_FK_BY_TAG_ID;

-- delete all unwanted REG_RESOURCE_TAG entries --

DELETE
FROM REG_RESOURCE_TAG
WHERE REG_TAG_ID NOT IN
    (SELECT REG_TAG_ID
    FROM TEMP_REG_RESOURCE_TAG_ID);

-- delete all unwanted REG_TAG entries --

DELETE
FROM REG_TAG
WHERE REG_ID NOT IN
    (SELECT REG_TAG_ID
    FROM TEMP_REG_RESOURCE_TAG_ID);

-- add the foreign key constraint back --

ALTER TABLE REG_RESOURCE_TAG ADD CONSTRAINT REG_RESOURCE_TAG_FK_BY_TAG_ID FOREIGN KEY (REG_TAG_ID, REG_TENANT_ID) REFERENCES REG_TAG (REG_ID, REG_TENANT_ID);

-- drop temporary table --

DROP TABLE TEMP_REG_RESOURCE_TAG_ID;
DB types: DB2 and Oracle
CREATE TABLE TEMP_REG_RESOURCE_TAG_ID(REG_TAG_ID INTEGER);

-- Extract resource tag (ID) created when versioning is disabled --

INSERT INTO TEMP_REG_RESOURCE_TAG_ID(REG_TAG_ID)
SELECT REG_TAG_ID
FROM REG_RESOURCE_TAG
WHERE REG_PATH_ID IN
    (SELECT REG_PATH_ID
        FROM REG_RESOURCE);

-- Extract resource tag (ID) created when versioning is enabled --

INSERT INTO TEMP_REG_RESOURCE_TAG_ID(REG_TAG_ID)
SELECT REG_TAG_ID
FROM REG_RESOURCE_TAG
WHERE REG_VERSION IN
    (SELECT REG_VERSION
        FROM REG_RESOURCE);

-- delete all unwanted REG_RESOURCE_TAG entries --

DELETE
FROM REG_RESOURCE_TAG
WHERE REG_TAG_ID NOT IN
    (SELECT REG_TAG_ID
    FROM TEMP_REG_RESOURCE_TAG_ID);

-- delete all unwanted REG_TAG entries --

DELETE
FROM REG_TAG
WHERE REG_ID NOT IN
    (SELECT REG_TAG_ID
    FROM TEMP_REG_RESOURCE_TAG_ID);

-- drop temporary table --

DROP TABLE TEMP_REG_RESOURCE_TAG_ID;
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