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WSO2 products can be configured to authenticate users using their attributes. For example, these attributes can be email or mobile number instead of the username. This topic provides instructions on how to set up your WSO2 product to authenticate users using their email.

The '@' is a special character in usernames of WSO2 products as it is used in multi-tenant environments to build the user's fully-qualified name. For example, user daniel from the tenant domain has the fully-qualified name [email protected]. So, before using the email username we need to configure the WSO2 products to differentiate between the '@' symbol in the user's emails and usernames. Do the following to configure this.

  1. Open the <PRODUCT_HOME>/repository/conf/carbon.xml file.
  2. Look for the commented out configuration EnableEmailUserName. Uncomment the configuration to enable email authentication.

  3. Open the <IS_HOME>/repository/conf/identity/ file and set the following property to true

    This step is required due to a known issue that prevents the confirmation codes from being removed after they are used when email usernames are enabled. This occurs because the '@' character (and some special characters) are not allowed in the registry. To overcome this issue, enable hashed usernames when saving the confirmation codes by configuring the properties below.


    Optionally, you can also configure the following property to determine which hash algorithm to use.

  4. Open the <PRODUCT_HOME>/repository/conf/user-mgt.xml file and add the following property under the relevant user store manager tag. This property determines the username validation that will be enforced when the EnableEmailUserName option is enabled. 

    Note: The user-mgt.xml file consists of configurations for the primary user store. If you are trying to configure this for a secondary user store, modify the relevant user store configuration file found in the <PRODUCT_HOME>/repository/deployment/server/userstores directory instead.

    <Property name="UsernameWithEmailJavaScriptRegEx">^[\S]{3,30}$</Property>
  5. Configure the following set of parameters in the user-mgt.xml file under the relevant user store manager tag, depending on the type of user store you are connected to (LDAP/Active Directory/ JDBC).

    Note: These properties are not added by default for the JDBCUserStoreManager. Therefore, if you are using a JDBC-based user store, you need to add the properties marked with an asterisk *, to the user-mgt.xml file under the relevant user store manager tag. For any other type of user store, simply modify the values of the properties listed below.

    If the UsernameWithEmailJavaScriptRegEx property has a regular expression with the "@" symbol, it is not required to configure UsernameJavaRegEx and UsernameJavaScriptRegEx properties. The priority order to configure username regular expression properties are as follows.

    1. UsernameJavaRegEx
    2. UsernameWithEmailJavaScriptRegEx




    Set the mail attribute of the user.

    <Property name="UserNameAttribute">mail</Property>

    Use the mail attribute of the user instead of cn or uid.

    <Property name="UserNameSearchFilter">(&amp;(objectClass=identityPerson)(mail=?))</Property>

    Use the mail attribute of the user.

    <Property name="UserNameListFilter">(&amp;(objectClass=identityPerson)(mail=*))</Property>

    This parameter is used to speedup the LDAP search operations. You can comment out this config.

    <!--Property name="UserDNPattern">cn={0},ou=Users,dc=wso2,dc=com</Property-->

    *(This property is relevant to the JDBCUserStoreManager and must be added in) 

    Change this property under the relevant user store manager tag as follows. This property allows you to add special characters like "@" in the user name.

    <Property name="UsernameJavaScriptRegEx">^[a-zA-Z0-9._-][email protected][a-zA-Z0-9.-]+\.[a-zA-Z]{2,4}$</Property>

    This is a regular expression to validate usernames. By default, strings have a length of 5 to 30. Only non-empty characters are allowed. You can provide ranges of alphabets, numbers and also ranges of ASCII values in the RegEx properties.

    <Property name="UsernameJavaRegEx">[email protected]_-{3,30}$</Property>
    Realm configurations

    The AdminUser username must use the email attribute of the admin user.

             <UserName>[email protected]</UserName>
Related Topics

For more information on how to configure primary and secondary user stores, see Configuring User Stores.

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